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alanine transaminase[al´ah-nēn trans-am´ĭ-nās]
an enzyme that catalyzes the reversible transfer of an amino group from alanine to α-ketoglutarate to form pyruvate and glutamate. Normally present in many tissues and body fluids, especially in the liver, it is released into the serum as a result of tissue injury; the serum concentration is increased particularly when there is acute damage to hepatic cells, as in viral or toxic hepatitis, infectious mononucleosis, and obstructive jaundice. Called also alanine aminotransferase and glutamic-pyruvic transaminase.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Abbreviation for alanine aminotransferase.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
1. Alanine aminotransferase-glutamate pyruvate transaminase, GPT.
2. Acquisition lead time.
3. Antilymphocyte therapy, see there.
4. Argon laser trabeculoplaty.
5. Autolymphocyte therapy.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Abbreviation for alanine aminotransferase; alanine transaminase.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012