maltase

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α-d-glu·co·si·dase

(glū-kō'si-dās),
Maltase; a glucohydrolase removing terminal nonreducing 1,4-linked α-glucose residues by hydrolysis, yielding α-glucose; a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme is associated with glycogen storage disease type II. At least five isozymes of maltase exist.
Synonym(s): glucoinvertase

maltase

/mal·tase/ (mawl´tās)
2. any enzyme with similar glycolytic activity, cleaving α-1,4 and sometimes α-1,6 linked glucose residues from nonreducing termini; in humans there are considered to be four such enzymes; two are the heat-stable enzymes, usually called maltases, constituting the glucoamylase complex; the other two are the heat-labile enzymes, usually called sucrase and isomaltase.

maltase

(môl′tās′, -tāz′)
n.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of maltose to glucose.

maltase

An enzyme that splits MALTOSE.

maltase

an enzyme that hydrolyses MALTOSE to glucose. In mammals it is produced in the CRYPT OF LIEBERKUHN in the SMALL INTESINE and is present in the SUCCUS ENTERICUS. Maltase is also present in many seeds.

maltase

an enzyme that hydrolyzes α-glucosides to glucose; there are two maltases found at the brush border of the intestinal epithelium, where they hydrolyze maltose (a product of the digestion of starch) to glucose for absorption. Maltase is absent from the intestine at birth and calves are unable to properly digest starch as a result.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical features and acid alpha-glucosidase gene mutation in 7 Chinese patients with glycogen storage disease type II (in Chinese).
In the case of isolates from mobile phone surfaces, we generally showed statistically significant correlations between increased resistance to 5-fluorocytosine, miconazole, fluconazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole and higher enzymatic activity of alpha-galactosidase, alpha-glucosidase, alpha-mannosidase, beta-glucuronidase, beta-glucosidase, chymotrypsin, naphthyl phosphohydrolase, fucosidase, lipase, and esterase lipase.
Gene Therapy 1 to Activate Acid Alpha-Glucosidase for Pompe Disease - Drug Profile 51
In vitro potential of Ascophyllum nodosum phenolic antioxidant-mediated alpha-glucosidase and alpha-amylase inhibition.
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors for patients with type 2 diabetes: results from a Cochrane systematic review and meta-analysis.
11,12) The severity of symptoms, age at which symptoms begin, and rates of disease progression are related to the degree of alpha-glucosidase deficiency.
Substrate specificity and subsite affinities of crystalline alpha-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger.
In the first study published in the peer reviewed journal Food Science and Biotechnology, researchers evaluated Orisett's fast-acting properties and ability to control carbohydrates via alpha-glucosidase inhibition in a short-term, crossover, placebo-controlled human clinical trial involving 13 healthy subjects.
The disease causes gene mutations to prevent the body from making enough of the functional form of an enzyme called acid alpha-glucosidase (G).
Administration of extract led to inhibition of rat intestinal alpha-glucosidase and enhancement of pancreatic and cardiac Glut-4 mRNAs expression (Moradabadi et al.
Alpha-glucosidase deficiency in generalized glycogen storage disease (Pompe's disease).
Classes of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes include sulfonylureas, meglitinides, biguanides, thiazolidinediones, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, DPP-4 inhibitors, insulin, amylin mimetics and incretin mimetics.