lemon verbena

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lemon verbena

,

Aloysia triphylla

(trade name),

herb louisa

(trade name),

louisa

(trade name),

Verveine citronelle

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antianxiety agents
Digestive disorders (diarrhea, dyspepsia, constipation), agitation and insomnia; flavoring agent

Action

Essential oil may contain bactericidal and irritant compounds.

Therapeutic effects

Digestive regularity.
Relief of anxiety.
Sedation.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile

ROUTEONSETPEAKDURATION
POunknownunknownunknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: None.
Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation (insufficient information).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Dermatologic

  • contact dermatitis (topical)

Genitourinary

  • kidney irritation from volatile oil excretion

Interactions

None known.
Oral (Adults) 1 cup tea 2–5 times daily. Tea is made by steeping 5–29 g leaf in 1 L of boiling water for 10–15 min then straining.

Availability

Bulk leaf: OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess patient for epigastric or abdominal pain, frank or occult blood in the stool that may be indicative of an ulcer. Evaluate frequency and consistency of stool and amount of herb that is consumed.
  • Assess degree and manifestations of anxiety and response and quantity of herb consumed.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Diarrhea (Indications)
Anxiety (Indications)
Deficient knowledge, related to medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)

Implementation

  • Steep leaves, strain and drink as a tea.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Avoid contact with skin (may cause irritation). If this does occur promptly wash the area with free running water.
  • GI: Encourage patients to use other forms of bowel regulation, such as increasing bulk in diet, increasing fluid intake, and increasing mobility. Normal bowel habits are individualized and may vary from 3 times/day to 3 times a week. Warn patients that chronic use of laxatives may create dependence so that having a bowel movement without assistanc may become more difficult.
  • Inform patients to report chronic diarrhea or persistent epigastric pain that does not improve or the need for consistent use of this herb to their health care provider.
  • GU: Warn patients that this herb may affect the kidneys. Consistent, excessive use should be reported to the health care provider so kidney function may be assessed.
  • Anxiety/Hypnotic: Inform patients that the need for consistent use to manage anxiety or to induce sleep should be reported to their health care provider. Encourage patients to manage anxiety and difficulty sleeping with other natural therapies such as relaxation techniques inclusive of meditation.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Normalization of bowel regimen.
  • Elimination of epigastric discomfort.
  • Reduction in anxiety.
  • Restful sleep.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Anesthetic activity of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla and effectiveness in reducing stress during transport of albino and gray strains of silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen.
Actividad biologica reportada en la literatura cientifica de las especies registradas Especie Reporte en la Literatura Cientifica Agave filifera Actividad molusquicida [15, 16] Aloe Vera Actividad antimicrobiana, hipoglucemiante, antifungica y antiinflamatoria [17, 20] Aloysia triphylla Su aceite esencial en condiciones experimentales tiene actividad anti-Trypanosoma cruzi en vivo en ratones y actividad antimicrobiana [21, 22] Ambrosia Empleada sobre todo para el control de cumanensis pulgas, chinches y mosquitos; tambien efecto alelopatico [23, 24].
La equivalencia del nombre vernaculo "Cidron" para las especies Aloysia triphylla (L'Her.
ex Britton & Wilson *Cidron Aloysia triphylla (L'Her.
Key words: Essential oil, extraction, Verbenaceae; Lippia alba, Aloysia triphylla, Lantana camara, antioxidant activity.
Tres plantas de la familia Verbenaceae, a saber: Lippia alba Mill, Aloysia triphylla (L'Her.
Aloysia triphylla Britton es una planta espontanea de America del Sur, originaria del Peru (4); popularmente se la conoce como 'cedron', 'cidron', 'limon verbena', 'verbena', 'yerba luisa' o 'hierba de la princesa', segun el pais o la region (5).
El citral es el principal componente del aceite esencial de Aloysia triphylla Britton y de otras plantas aromaticas como Cymbopogon citratus, Melissa officinalis, Verbena officinalis (12).
Table 1--Time required for induction and recovery from anesthesia using the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla in fresh--and seawater-- adapted Centropomus paralellus.
Asi, nos propusimos realizar la presente investigacion para determinar la actividad anti-Tripanosoma cruzi in vitro de los aceites esenciales de Mentha X piperita L (menta), Rosmarinus officinalis L (romero), Chenopodium ambrosioides L (paico), Eucaliptus globulus Labill (eucalipto), Artemisia absinthium L (ajenjo), Melissa officinalis L (toronjil), Minthostachys setosa Brig (muna), Cimbopogon citratus (hierba luisa), Aloysia triphylla (cedron) y Mentha spicata L (hierba buena).