Opioids Benzodiazepines and Stimulants benzodiazepine-like medications Morphine Diazepam Amphetamine Codeine 7-Amino-clonazepam Methamphetamine Acetylmorphine 7-Amino-nitrazepam Cocaine Buprenorphine 7-Amino-flunitrazepam Benzoylecgonine Methadone Alprazolam MDMA Oxycodone Zopiclone Tramadol Zolpidem Ethylmorphine Zaleplon Ketobemidone Fentanyl Propoxyphene Opioids Sedatives Morphine Alimemazine
Codeine Hydroxyzine Acetylmorphine Promethazine Buprenorphine Propiomazine Methadone Oxycodone Tramadol Ethylmorphine Ketobemidone Fentanyl Propoxyphene Table 2: Positive hair specimens in opioid positive and opioid negative patients, N = 59 (excluding nonsynthetic cannabinoids).
To alleviate the itching, we recommend UDCA (20 mg/kg/day) and rifampicin (up to 10 mg/kg/day), before attempting antihistamines such as alimemazine
, opiate- (naltrexone) or serotonin-antagonists (ondansetron).
In the patients whose urine tested erroneously positive, medical records showed the administration of cyamemazine (n = 40; dose per day ranging from 100 to 600 mg) or of levomepromazine (n = 2; dose per day of 125 and 150 mg), both compounds administered either alone or with alimemazine
(n = 8; dose ranging from 30 to 40 mg per day).
Barbiturates (phenobarbital, butobarbital, and secobarbital), meprobamate, antidepressant agents (amitriptyline, nortriptyline, imipramine, and clomipramine), phenothiazines (acepromazine, alimemazine
, and cyamemazine), and benzodiazepines (diazepam, bromazepam, flunitrazepam, clonazepam, alprazolam, nitrazepam, nordazepam, and prazepam) were extracted from 5 mL of serum, 20 mL of urine, or 20 mL of gastric lavage fluid by Tox-Elut[R] from Varian (Harbor City, CA).