Greek Theories of Elementary Cognition from Alcmaeon
500 BCE: Alcmaeon
, Croton, Greece, observes when he dissects animals that arteries and veins are dissimilar.
of Croton, a contemporary of Pythagoras, favoured the head (and brain), as did Diogenes and Democritus.
Dante continues to expand the associative meanings of Briareos by mentioning Niobe, Saul, Arachne, Rehoboam, Alcmaeon
, Sennacherib, Tomyris and Cyrus, and Holofernes(Purg.
Two centuries prior to Aristotle in the fifth century BC, Alcmaeon
of Croton, a disciple of Pythagoras, declared by some to be the true father of medicine, not Hippocrates, taught that the brain was the central receiving organ of all our senses.
Colin Teevan's adaptation of Euripides' lost play, Alcmaeon
In Corinth, is based on a smattering of fragments that have survived the 2,000 years since its creation.
After 16 years away, Alcmaeon
returns home to Corinth to retrieve the ancient necklace of Harmonia for his new wife.
This was the late suffered by both the mythological characters Orestes and Alcmaeon
, who killed their mothers to avenge their fathers.
Beare in Greek Theories of Elementary Cognition from Alcmaeon
to Aristotle (Oxford: Clarendon, 1906) 131-59.
Ficino would have read in Diogenes Laertius(51) that Pythagoras considered the sphere the most perfect of solids, the circle the most perfect of plane figures.(52) He also would have known that Alcmaeon
the Pythagorean thought that the soul was immortal and that it "held itself in [continuous] motion like the sun.(53) But that is all he would have known from Diogenes Laertius.
Like his teacher Xenophanes and Alcmaeon
, the Pythagorean, Parmenides could draw a distinction between the certainty of ultimate or divine knowledge and the uncertainty of sense experience, but it was the burden of Parmenides's philosophy to adopt the standpoint of what Alcmaeon
and others would have identified as divine knowing.