Alcaligenes


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Related to Alcaligenes: Flavobacterium, Alcaligenes faecalis, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

Alcaligenes

 [al″kah-lij´ĕ-nēz]
a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria, found in the intestines of vertebrates, as part of the normal skin flora, and in dairy products. Occasionally it causes opportunistic infections, A. faeca´lis being a cause of nosocomial septicemia in immunocompromised patients.

Alcaligenes

(al-kā-lij'en-ēz),
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria (family Achromobacteraceae) that are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. They are strictly aerobic; some strains are capable of anaerobic respiration in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; their metabolism is respiratory, never fermentative; they do not use carbohydrates. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Type species is Alcaligenes faecalis.
[alkali + G. -gen, producing]

Alcaligenes

/Al·ca·lig·e·nes/ (al″kah-lij´ĕ-nēz) a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria of uncertain affiliation, found in the intestines of vertebrates and as part of the normal skin flora, and occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections. A. faeca´lis causes nosocomial septicemia, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in immunocompromised patients.

Alcaligenes

an environmental gram-negative bacillus that can be found in the GI tract of humans and that can cause nosocomial infections in the compromised host.

Al·ca·lig·e·nes

(al-kā-lij'en-ēz)
A genus of gram-negative, rod-shaped, nonfermenting bacteria that are either motile and peritrichous or nonmotile. Found mostly in the intestinal canal, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems; occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial septicemia. Type species is A. faecalis.
[alkali + G. -gen, producing]

Alcaligenes

a genus of saprophytic obligately aerobic bacilli occasionally found in the intestines of vertebrates or in dairy products and sometimes in nosocomial infections. A. fecalis is now called Bordetella avium.
References in periodicals archive ?
coli DH5a LB 37 +++ Pseudomonas fluorescens NB 37 - NRRL B 1612 Klebsiella oxytoca MTCC 3030 NB 37 - Alcaligenes feacalis NB 30 + MTCC 2952 Enterobacter aerogenes NB 30 + MTCC 7016 * (+++): zone>15 mm, (++): 10 mm < zone < 15 mm, (+): 5mm < zone <10mm, (-): no zone of inhibition Table 5: Analysis of bacteriocin activity of the isolate DM15.
4-6) Bacillus species, Alcaligenes species, diphtheroids, and Escherichia vulneris have been reported to cause clinically significant infection in individuals with specific risk factors such as indwelling catheters.
SUBSTRATE UTILIZATION* SPECIES CRUDE DIESEL MINERAL TOLUENE BENZENE OIL OIL Alcaligenes xylooxidans + - - - - Bacillus cereus** + + - + + Bacillus sp.
In regard to his first comment we agree that we should have stated that the genera that produce ESBL should have mentioned Acinetobacter and not Alcaligenes, thus the correct sentence should read "While the genera Enterobacter, Proteus, Providencia and Acinobacter that produce ESBL were resistant to all the antibacterial agents used .
A standard curve was created by ligating a nirK or nirS gene PCR product, amplified from Alcaligenes faecalis and Pseudomonas stutzeri, respectively, into the pGEM-T plasmid (Promega).
From the physical and chemicals the colonies may belong to the genera Pseudomonas, Alcaligenes, Azorhizobium, Variovorax, Rhizobacterium or Fransicella after referring to the Bergey's Manual.
Other important bacterial mixtures for the production of BPM include Alcaligenes acidovorans, Bacillus brevis and Bacillus firmus [3, 4, 5].
Among these biodegradable polymers, PHAs are polyesters produced naturally by a variety of bacteria, such as Ralstonia eutropha, Alcaligenes latus, Azotobacter vinelandii, and pseudomonads, under a condition of excess carbon source (1-3).
Gardnerella vaginalis Clinical isolates Rothia dentocariosa Clinical isolates Common uropathogens Alcaligenes faecalis Clinical isolates Candida albicans Clinical isolates Citrobacter koseri Clinical isolates Escherichia coli Clinical isolates Hemolytic streptococcus group A Clinical isolates Hemolytic streptococcus group B Clinical isolates Klebsiella oxytoca Clinical isolates K.
Nine predominant bacterial genera; Achromobacter, Alcaligenes, Aeromonas, Bacillus, Chromobacterium, Corynebacterium, Micrococcus, Pseudomonas and Serratia were identified.
21,22) Poly-[beta] hydroxy-butyrate (PHB) is a very common energy-storage material in many microorganisms, such as Alcaligenes, Azatobacter, Bacillus, Nocardia, Pseudomonas, and Rhizobium.
The bacteria isolated in those studies, such as coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, alpha-hemolytic Streptococcus, Enterobacter species, Acinetobacter species, non-aeruginosa species of Pseudomonas, Bacillus species, Alcaligenes species, diphtheroids, and Escherichia vulneris, do not typically cause infections in healthy people.