Several of these viruses, such as Akabane virus, Aino virus, and Schmallenberg virus, are arboviruses associated with abortion, premature birth, stillbirth, and congenital malformations in ruminants (2-4).
Frequent epizootics of Akabane virus and Aino virus in Japan have caused many cases of congenital malformations in calves (6).
Estao incluidos patogenos virais de significante importancia humana e veterinaria, tais como, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), Akabane virus (AKAV), Nairobi sheep disease virus (NSDV), Aino virus (AINV) e Peaton virus (PEAV) (4), assim como virus ja isolados na Amazonia Brasileira como: Guaroa virus (GROV), Maguari virus (MAGV), Tacaiuma virus (TCMV), Guama virus (GMAV), Caraparu virus (CARV), Oropouche virus (OROV), Catu virus (CATUV), Icoaraci virus (ICOV) e Belem virus (BLMV), entre outros (2).
A survey of antibody to Aino virus in cattle and other species in Australia.
Akabane virus (AKAV), Aino virus
(AINV), and Schmallenberg virus are the most studied in this serogroup; Shuni, Sabo, Shamonda, and Sango viruses (1,2) are examined less frequently.
The Simbu serogroup (family Bunyaviridae, genus Bunyavirus) includes Shamonda virus, Akabane virus, Sathuperi virus, and Aino virus
. These viruses cause tera-tologic effects in ruminants and are arthropod-borne, and most have been isolated in the Old World from mosquitoes and Culicoides spp.
The incidence of antibody to Aino virus
in animals and humans in Fukuoka.
The first report of SBV showed highest similarities of M- and L-segment sequences to partial Aino virus
and AKAV sequences, whereas the N gene was most closely related to Shamonda virus (SHAV) (1).
It is a RNA virus and shows 97% identity with Shamonda virus (SFIAV) (small gene segment), 71% identity with Aino virus
(medium gene segment), and 69% identity with Akabane virus (AKAV) (large gene segment) (4).
AB183278; 97% identity) (2), an Aino virus
discovered in cattle in Japan (M segment; accession no.
The full N gene was determined for the isolate from horse SAE 18/09, and analysis showed it to differ from the original Shuni isolate by 2.9% and to Aino virus
by 6.2% at the nucleotide level.
The dictionary covers a wider range of terms than parasitology; some virology terms, such as Aino virus
, are included, as are some far afield terms, including hundredweight, hydrogen half-cell, and zwitterions.