The 10 species identified by the ParoCheck10[R] microarray detection system were as follows: The red complex: Porphyromonasgingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola; the orange complex: Campylobacter rectus, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Parvimonas micra and Prevotella intermedia; the green complex: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
and Eikenella corrodens; the blue complex: Actinomyces viscosus (12).
Development and comparison of conventional PCR and SYBR green real time PCR for detection of aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
and Tannerella for sythensis.
Inflammatory bone loss in experimental periodontitis induced by Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
in interleukin-1 receptor antagonist knockout mice.
(72), established that obese patients with chronic periodontitis had higher levels and/or greater proportions of several periodontal pathogens than those of normal weight, including Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
, Eubacterium nodatum, Fusobacterium nucleatum ss vincentii, Parvimonas micra, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forthytia, Prevotella melaninogenica and Treponema socranskii.
Research has established that regular use of Miswak has a therapeutic effect on gingival disease, and acts against multiple gum disease causing organisms such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
Macrophage tolerance response to Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
lipopolysaccharide induces differential regulation of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-1b and matrix metalloproteinase 9 secretion.
Han et al., "Diverse toll-like receptors mediate cytokine production by Fusobacterium nucleatum and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
in macrophages," Infection and Immunity, vol.
Abiko, "Periodontal pathogen Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
LPS induces mitochondria-dependent-apoptosis in human placental trophoblasts," Placenta, vol.
The host immune response is disturbed by key pathogens, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
, and further sustained by pathogenic microorganisms .
find another periodontal germ called Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
(Aa) can induce hypercitrullination in host neutrophils through its leukotoxin A (LtxA).
(Aa) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.