African swine fever

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Related to African swine fever: Classical swine fever

African swine fever

A highly infectious, usually fatal viral disease of swine, characterized by fever, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. It occurs in sub-Saharan Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sardinia.


pertaining to or originating in Africa.

African buffalo
includes black Cape buffalo, red Congo buffalo and red-brown varieties from Abyssinia to Niger. See also buffalo.
African clawed toad
African daisy
see Seneciopterophorus.
African elephant
Loxodonta africana. See elephant.
African farcy
epizootic lymphangitis.
African glanders
see epizootic lymphangitis.
African green monkey
African horse sickness
a highly infectious, fatal disease of horses, donkeys and mules. It is caused by an orbivirus transmitted by mosquitoes and possibly Culicoides sp. The clinical picture includes an acute pulmonary form manifested by dyspnea, cough and profuse nasal discharge, and a subacute, cardiac form in which the principal signs are edema of the head and internally, oral petechiation and esophageal paralysis. The mortality rate is very high.
Enlarge picture
African horse sickness, pulmonary form. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
African lion hound
African milk bush
African mouth breeder
African freshwater tropical fish distinguished by their behavior of carrying the fertilized eggs in their mouths. Called also Tilapia macrocephala.
African pig disease
see African swine fever (below).
African pygmy pig
see miniature pig.
African redwood
African rue
see Peganumharmala.
African star grass
African swine fever
a peracute, highly contagious, highly fatal disease of pigs caused by African swine fever virus, previously a member of the family Iridoviridae, now the only member of the genus Asfivirus. The virus is carried by wart hogs in which it produces no disease and is transmitted to European pigs via the tick Ornithodoros moubata porcinus. The disease was originally confined to southern Africa, but is now enzootic in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa and has spread on occasion to Europe, including Spain, Portugal and Belgium, and also to Cuba and the Dominican Republic.
Currently the disease is eradicated from South America and the Caribbean countries but remains on the Iberian peninsula and Sardinia. The disease resembles classical swine fever (hog cholera). Clinically there is high fever, severe depression, purple skin discoloration, incoordination and posterior paresis. Death occurs about 2 days after the first signs of illness. In recent times the proportion of outbreaks which have been mild in severity has increased markedly.
African trypanosomiasis
nagana. See trypanosomiasis.


pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.

African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
swine dysentery
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
swine erysipelas
swine fever
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
swine influenza
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
swine paramyxovirus
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
swine paratyphoid
swine plague
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.
References in periodicals archive ?
African swine fever was not considered because it has not been diagnosed in Venezuela according to the literature, neither bacterial due to the pattern of lesion and lack of bacterial colonies in histological evaluation.
By August 1984, Haiti was officially declared rid of African swine fever.
Her research work mainly focuses on molecular characterization and epidemiology of African swine fever.
African swine fever is an extremely dangerous and contagious viral infection affecting pigs.
Posing a lethal threat to commercial pig farms, African swine fever has spread throughout the Balkans, the Caucasus and Russia since 2007, and is endemic to areas of Africa, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
African swine fever can survive for months within raw, cooked or even frozen pork products.
Tests were taken February 13 from a dead wild boar that had been found in Szudzialowo district at a distance of about 900 meters from the border with Belarus in the framework of a program for monitoring and identification of African Swine Fever," the report said, Voice of Russia reported.
An outbreak of African swine fever (ASF) in the Republic of Georgia and surrounding countries in 2007 prompted ARS to renew efforts to find ways to prevent or control this serious disease, for which there is no cure or vaccine.
February 19 2010 -- Russia has discovered African Swine Fever in a pig farm in the Krylovskiy Rayon of the Krasnodarskiy Krai, a region of Southern Russia, it has been announced.
If so you are disqualified, if not you can't wait for the New Year when you can catch up on The African Swine Fever (Wales)Order 2003 or RoadTraffic (Permitted Parking Area and Special Parking Area)(County ofCarmarthenshire)Order 2004 in Assembly live on S4C2.
However, the inquiry was also asked to look wider at other animal diseases which pose a threat to livestock in Britain, such as classical and African swine fever.
Producers of pigs conducting agricultural activity in the area infected or threatened with the occurrence of African swine fever, in the Mazowieckie, Podlasie, Warmian-Masurian and Lublin Voivodeships, may submit applications for assistance - within the national assistance program - to the poviat offices of the Agency for Restructuring and Modernization of Agriculture.

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