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pertaining to or originating in Africa.

African buffalo
includes black Cape buffalo, red Congo buffalo and red-brown varieties from Abyssinia to Niger. See also buffalo.
African clawed toad
African daisy
see Seneciopterophorus.
African elephant
Loxodonta africana. See elephant.
African farcy
epizootic lymphangitis.
African glanders
see epizootic lymphangitis.
African green monkey
African horse sickness
a highly infectious, fatal disease of horses, donkeys and mules. It is caused by an orbivirus transmitted by mosquitoes and possibly Culicoides sp. The clinical picture includes an acute pulmonary form manifested by dyspnea, cough and profuse nasal discharge, and a subacute, cardiac form in which the principal signs are edema of the head and internally, oral petechiation and esophageal paralysis. The mortality rate is very high.
Enlarge picture
African horse sickness, pulmonary form. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
African lion hound
African milk bush
African mouth breeder
African freshwater tropical fish distinguished by their behavior of carrying the fertilized eggs in their mouths. Called also Tilapia macrocephala.
African pig disease
see African swine fever (below).
African pygmy pig
see miniature pig.
African redwood
African rue
see Peganumharmala.
African star grass
African swine fever
a peracute, highly contagious, highly fatal disease of pigs caused by African swine fever virus, previously a member of the family Iridoviridae, now the only member of the genus Asfivirus. The virus is carried by wart hogs in which it produces no disease and is transmitted to European pigs via the tick Ornithodoros moubata porcinus. The disease was originally confined to southern Africa, but is now enzootic in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa and has spread on occasion to Europe, including Spain, Portugal and Belgium, and also to Cuba and the Dominican Republic.
Currently the disease is eradicated from South America and the Caribbean countries but remains on the Iberian peninsula and Sardinia. The disease resembles classical swine fever (hog cholera). Clinically there is high fever, severe depression, purple skin discoloration, incoordination and posterior paresis. Death occurs about 2 days after the first signs of illness. In recent times the proportion of outbreaks which have been mild in severity has increased markedly.
African trypanosomiasis
nagana. See trypanosomiasis.

Patient discussion about African

Q. does anyone know of any really good salons in germany for african american hair?

A. Germany is quite big, but here (
) you can find an "afro-shop" according to your location, and here ( is a list of hair salons sorted by zip code.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Worldwide niche and future potential distribution of Culicoides imicola, a major vector of bluetongue and African horse sickness viruses.
The discovery of a co-infection with Middelburg virus in 1 of the horses implies that broad screening for arbovirus infections in unexplained illnesses is warranted, and consideration should be given to inclusion of generic RTPCRs for alphaviruses, flaviviruses, othobunyaviruses, and vesiculoviruses, in addition to African horse sickness and equine encephalosis viruses in future studies.
This study was supported by the MedReoNet Surveillance Network of Reoviruses, Bluetongue and African Horse Sickness, in the Mediterranean basin and Europe, Sixth Framework Programme.
Camels are susceptible to infection by Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), West Nile virus (WNV), and African horse sickness virus (AHSV), although their epidemiologic role in these diseases is uncertain (l-3).
The phylogenetic analyses of EEV Seg-10 grouped the Israeli isolates with other EEV isolates but as a distinct group with no close relation to African horse sickness virus, BTV, or epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus.
African horse sickness occurs in 4 forms: horse sickness fever (mild), cardiac (>50% mortality rate), mixed (75% mortality rate), and pulmonary (95% mortality rate).
The specificity of the RT-qPCR used had been previously tested against prototype strains of genetically related viruses (9 strains of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus and 9 strains of African horse sickness virus) (5).
Bluetongue is closely related to the virus African Horse Sickness, which is spread by the same species of midge.
The first paragraph of the article incorrectly states that African horse sickness virus is circulating in Europe.
With the advent of African horse sickness, bluetongue, equine influenza etc, and the ever-increasing demand for the reduction in carbon emissions, how long is it going to be before the government imposes measures to combat what it would see as an equivalent of equine foot and mouth?
We conclude that climate change is probably the most important requirement for the emergence of arthropodborne diseases such as dengue fever, yellow fever, Rift Valley fever, Japanese encephalitis, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, bluetongue, and African horse sickness in the United Kingdom.
SOUTH AFRICA'S battle to change international bloodstock restrictions imposed around the threat - perceived or real - of the deadly disease African Horse Sickness will be won by cooperation and scientific research, according to Peter Gibson, chief executive of the umbrella body Racing South Africa.

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