African

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Related to African green monkey: Cynomolgus monkey, Chlorocebus aethiops

African

pertaining to or originating in Africa.

African buffalo
includes black Cape buffalo, red Congo buffalo and red-brown varieties from Abyssinia to Niger. See also buffalo.
African clawed toad
African daisy
see Seneciopterophorus.
African elephant
Loxodonta africana. See elephant.
African farcy
epizootic lymphangitis.
African glanders
see epizootic lymphangitis.
African green monkey
Cercopithecusaethiops.
African horse sickness
a highly infectious, fatal disease of horses, donkeys and mules. It is caused by an orbivirus transmitted by mosquitoes and possibly Culicoides sp. The clinical picture includes an acute pulmonary form manifested by dyspnea, cough and profuse nasal discharge, and a subacute, cardiac form in which the principal signs are edema of the head and internally, oral petechiation and esophageal paralysis. The mortality rate is very high.
Enlarge picture
African horse sickness, pulmonary form. By permission from Knottenbelt DC, Pascoe RR, Diseases and Disorders of the Horse, Saunders, 2003
African lion hound
African milk bush
African mouth breeder
African freshwater tropical fish distinguished by their behavior of carrying the fertilized eggs in their mouths. Called also Tilapia macrocephala.
African pig disease
see African swine fever (below).
African pygmy pig
see miniature pig.
African redwood
African rue
see Peganumharmala.
African star grass
Cynodonnlemfuensis.
African swine fever
a peracute, highly contagious, highly fatal disease of pigs caused by African swine fever virus, previously a member of the family Iridoviridae, now the only member of the genus Asfivirus. The virus is carried by wart hogs in which it produces no disease and is transmitted to European pigs via the tick Ornithodoros moubata porcinus. The disease was originally confined to southern Africa, but is now enzootic in most countries in sub-Saharan Africa and has spread on occasion to Europe, including Spain, Portugal and Belgium, and also to Cuba and the Dominican Republic.
Currently the disease is eradicated from South America and the Caribbean countries but remains on the Iberian peninsula and Sardinia. The disease resembles classical swine fever (hog cholera). Clinically there is high fever, severe depression, purple skin discoloration, incoordination and posterior paresis. Death occurs about 2 days after the first signs of illness. In recent times the proportion of outbreaks which have been mild in severity has increased markedly.
African trypanosomiasis
nagana. See trypanosomiasis.

Patient discussion about African

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References in periodicals archive ?
Simian immunodeficiency virus infection in a patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas): evidence for cross-species transmission from African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops sabaeus) in the wild.
Lymphotropic papovaviruses isolated from African green monkey and human cells.
fascicularis) and African green monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops), which suggests that bites, scratches, and mucosal splashes with saliva from primates are likely mechanisms of transmission (25-27).
The outbreak in Marburg, Germany, which the virus is named for, was linked to African green monkeys imported from Uganda, East Africa.
There is already enough evidence showing how certain Western scientists toyed with African lives in medical experiments that later led to disease epidemics whose origins were then blamed on African green monkeys and bats.
The studies employ MPTP-lesioned African Green monkeys and 6-OHDA-lesioned rats, the principle models used to study Parkinson's disease.
Interestingly, the researchers also discovered that the Th17 cells were not affected by SIV in another primate, African green monkeys, in which SIV infection is harmless and does not cause disease.
It is suggested that HIV Aids crossed the species barrier from African green monkeys into humans.
In a Merck study on African green monkeys, researchers used electric shocks to damage the monkey's arteries and veins to induce blood clotting.
Although the disease is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, it was first recognised in Marburg, Germany, in 1967, when African green monkeys being used for research infected lab workers.
The vaccine, tested in African green monkeys, is the first to be administered directly to the respiratory tract and is also the first that confers immunity with a single dose.
It is believed to have crossed into humans in the 1950s as a result of polio vaccine grown on the kidneys of dead African Green monkeys.

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