Apart from those health-cults briefly mentioned here, Aesculapius
, Hygeia, and Telesphoros, a rarer cult, Glykon, is also rather common in the Balkans.
. The Hospital Pupil's Guide, Being Oracular Communications, Addressed to Students of the Medical Profession.
A sick man would enter the temple of Apollo or Aesculapius
, would perform various ceremonies there, would be purified by lustration, massage and incense, and then, in a state of exaltation, would be stretched on the skin of a ram that had been sacrificed.
An important exception is Plato's dialogues, where for instance one finds Socrates offering a cock to Aesculapius
before his death.
, a Roman physician, induced a "deep sleep" and reduced pain by stroking with his hand (Bryan, 1963, p.
Birmingham, Ala.: Aesculapius
In Book XV, Pythagoras references the culter in condemning the ritual slaughter of bulls, while the same weapon is used in sacrifices celebrating the arrival of the serpent-shaped Aesculapius
to Tiber Island (ibid., 2:15.134, 735).
According to written history, physical therapy methods such as exercise and massage have been used in the management of many disorders and taught to medical students since Aesculapius
The four full-text manuscripts begin with the mountebank's speech, 'The great Master of Medicine, Aesculapius
preserve and prolong the sanity of these royal spectators'; they do not include the initial law sports and so could not be a source for the Newdigate version.
The work of physicians however is perhaps more appropriately symbolized by the ancient staff of Aesculapius
with its single snake and staff.
Consequently Jesus' healings, "however miraculous in themselves, if they are separated from the prophecies that reveal to us their divinity, would not be able to persuade us of the source of these miracles, since they have a species of similarity with the cures of Aesculapius
worked by magic or diabolical virtue" (227).
Asclepios, also known by his Roman name Aesculapius
, is the classical god of healing, son of Apollo and a mortal mother, either Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas, or Arsinoe, daughter of Leucippus.