cellular respiration

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cellular respiration

n.
The series of metabolic processes by which living cells produce energy through the oxidation of organic substances.

cellular respiration

or

cell respiration

a catabolic process (see CATABOLISM) occurring in cells where complex organic molecules are broken down to release energy for other cellular processes. Cell respiration usually occurs in the presence of oxygen (see AEROBIC RESPIRATION) but some organisms can respire without oxygen (see ANAEROBIC RESPIRATION).
References in periodicals archive ?
Heart rate (A), total aerobic metabolism (B), carbohydrate oxidation (C) and fat oxidation (D) prior to lunch on the three test days; The control day (CON), the day with exercise in the fasted state (ExBr) and the day with exercise in the postprandial state (BrEx).
Given the association of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha to mitochondrial biogenesis and conversion slow-twitch type I muscle fibers, it is reasonable to suggest that GG genotype, more readily associated with distance breeds in this study, may also explain adaptions in aerobic metabolism and similar to the other SNPs in the study by Pereira et al (2015) be not present in breeds generally associated with sprinting.
nitrification), or iii) an increase in microbial density is favoured by increasing temperatures, and raised the number of micro-organism populations increasing the oxygen uptake for the maintenance of aerobic metabolism.
Because the aerobic metabolism is, in a sense, maxed out, the only way of obtaining additional ATP is by increasing the glycolitic process in anaerobic metabolism.
In this context the (almost) anaerobic metabolism at blastula stage embryo could reflect the existence of multi-cellular organisms in the deep anoxic Earth while the transition to aerobic metabolism at gastrula could be related to the evolution towards tridermic organisms around 2 billion years ago.
The remarkable transition to aerobic metabolism in gastrula-stage embryos potentially reflects evolution toward tridermic organisms by 2 billion years ago.
We hypothesized that immune defense mechanisms alter normal respiratory function, disrupting aerobic metabolism.
Good, albeit limited, evidence from vertebrates suggests that animals with low resting rates of aerobic metabolism also have low maximum rates of aerobic metabolism (Rezende et al.
The kids pick each day's games, which include tag, dodge ball and other activities that improve motor skills, aerobic metabolism, cardiovascular fitness and flexibility.
Although the test pace was slow for the more experienced runners, it was chosen to promote steady-state aerobic metabolism in all subjects.
Oxidative stress generated by aerobic metabolism or from environmental sources is a major cause of damage to organisms.