Heart rate (A), total aerobic metabolism
(B), carbohydrate oxidation (C) and fat oxidation (D) prior to lunch on the three test days; The control day (CON), the day with exercise in the fasted state (ExBr) and the day with exercise in the postprandial state (BrEx).
Given the association of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha to mitochondrial biogenesis and conversion slow-twitch type I muscle fibers, it is reasonable to suggest that GG genotype, more readily associated with distance breeds in this study, may also explain adaptions in aerobic metabolism
and similar to the other SNPs in the study by Pereira et al (2015) be not present in breeds generally associated with sprinting.
nitrification), or iii) an increase in microbial density is favoured by increasing temperatures, and raised the number of micro-organism populations increasing the oxygen uptake for the maintenance of aerobic metabolism
Because the aerobic metabolism
is, in a sense, maxed out, the only way of obtaining additional ATP is by increasing the glycolitic process in anaerobic metabolism.
In this context the (almost) anaerobic metabolism at blastula stage embryo could reflect the existence of multi-cellular organisms in the deep anoxic Earth while the transition to aerobic metabolism
at gastrula could be related to the evolution towards tridermic organisms around 2 billion years ago.
The remarkable transition to aerobic metabolism
in gastrula-stage embryos potentially reflects evolution toward tridermic organisms by 2 billion years ago.
We hypothesized that immune defense mechanisms alter normal respiratory function, disrupting aerobic metabolism
Good, albeit limited, evidence from vertebrates suggests that animals with low resting rates of aerobic metabolism
also have low maximum rates of aerobic metabolism
(Rezende et al.
The kids pick each day's games, which include tag, dodge ball and other activities that improve motor skills, aerobic metabolism
, cardiovascular fitness and flexibility.
Although the test pace was slow for the more experienced runners, it was chosen to promote steady-state aerobic metabolism
in all subjects.
Oxidative stress generated by aerobic metabolism
or from environmental sources is a major cause of damage to organisms.
B vitamins, magnesium and co-enzyme Q10 all boost aerobic metabolism
, helping the cells in the body use oxygen.