Adrenergic System

Adrenergic System

A now simplistic term for the system of organs and nerves in which adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) are the neurotransmitters.
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Acute stress, such as a CNS injury, usually stimulates the adrenergic system and increases the blood pressure, which causes a net efflux of plasma into the interstitial spaces.
Under non-physiological experimental conditions, there is evidence that the adrenergic system is involved in delayed GE in rats (36-40).
To elucidate the possible contribution of adrenergic system, mice were pretreated with AMPT, 100 mg/kg, i.p.[13] After 4 h, they received one of the flavone compounds 3,7-dihydroxyflavone(5 mg/kg), 3,3'-dihydroxy flavone (20 mg/kg), 6,3'-dihydroxy flavone (10 mg/kg), or 5.6- dihydroxy flavone (10 mg/kg) i.p and were subjected to forced swim test 30 min later.
One of the theories that has been postulated is that awareness is the result of the modulation of consciousness at the central level, secondary to isoproterenol-induced stimulation of the adrenergic system. (8,9) On the other hand, as previously stated, there is an inverse relationship between cardiac output and the concentration of propofol.
Numerous investigators have proposed salivary [alpha]-amylase to be a marker of the adrenergic system. It was shown to be secreted from the salivary glands mainly in response to beta adrenergic and partly to alpha adrenergic stimuli.
GPR158 appears to work downstream from other important brain systems, such as the GABA, a major player in the brain's inhibitory control and adrenergic system involved in stress effects.
The adrenergic system plays a fundamental role in maintaining normal heart function, according to study authors.
In this study; the role of the adrenergic system on the mechanism of the antinociceptive effect of mirtazapine was also investigated, in addition to the opioidergic and serotoninergic systems.
The purpose of the study is to make an integrative assessment of interrelationships between thyroid hormone, adrenergic system, and insulin in modulation of postprandial thermogenesis as well as carbohydrate metabolism.
It can be possible to determine the role of ANS in FM etiopathogenesis by studies evaluating the subsystems of ANS (cardiovascular reflex pathway, sympathetic cholinergic and adrenergic system etc.) in which chronic symptoms of FM, especially anxiety and depression, are also considered.
Salbutamol is a beta-2 agonist, which has the same effect on the adrenergic system as exercise, resulting in weight loss, an increase in muscle mass and a reduced appetite.
A major target of the adrenergic system is the hippocampus, a region that is critical for learning and memory.