Acute stress, such as a CNS injury, usually stimulates the adrenergic system
and increases the blood pressure, which causes a net efflux of plasma into the interstitial spaces.
Under non-physiological experimental conditions, there is evidence that the adrenergic system
is involved in delayed GE in rats (36-40).
To elucidate the possible contribution of adrenergic system
, mice were pretreated with AMPT, 100 mg/kg, i.p. After 4 h, they received one of the flavone compounds 3,7-dihydroxyflavone(5 mg/kg), 3,3'-dihydroxy flavone (20 mg/kg), 6,3'-dihydroxy flavone (10 mg/kg), or 5.6- dihydroxy flavone (10 mg/kg) i.p and were subjected to forced swim test 30 min later.
Numerous investigators have proposed salivary [alpha]-amylase to be a marker of the adrenergic system
. It was shown to be secreted from the salivary glands mainly in response to beta adrenergic and partly to alpha adrenergic stimuli.
GPR158 appears to work downstream from other important brain systems, such as the GABA, a major player in the brain's inhibitory control and adrenergic system
involved in stress effects.
The adrenergic system
plays a fundamental role in maintaining normal heart function, according to study authors.
In this study; the role of the adrenergic system
on the mechanism of the antinociceptive effect of mirtazapine was also investigated, in addition to the opioidergic and serotoninergic systems.
The purpose of the study is to make an integrative assessment of interrelationships between thyroid hormone, adrenergic system
, and insulin in modulation of postprandial thermogenesis as well as carbohydrate metabolism.
It can be possible to determine the role of ANS in FM etiopathogenesis by studies evaluating the subsystems of ANS (cardiovascular reflex pathway, sympathetic cholinergic and adrenergic system
etc.) in which chronic symptoms of FM, especially anxiety and depression, are also considered.
Salbutamol is a beta-2 agonist, which has the same effect on the adrenergic system
as exercise, resulting in weight loss, an increase in muscle mass and a reduced appetite.
A major target of the adrenergic system
is the hippocampus, a region that is critical for learning and memory.