Adrenal glands


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adrenal glands

The small internally secreting (ENDOCRINE) organs which sit like triangular caps one on top of each KIDNEY (hence the name). Each adrenal has two distinct parts, the inner core, which produces ADRENALINE, and an outer layer (the cortex) which produces various steroid hormones. Formerly known as suprarenal glands, which, of course, means the same thing.

Adrenal glands

The two glands that are located on top of the kidneys. These glands secrete several hormones, including the glucocorticoids which, among other things, influence the way the immune system works, and the mineralocorticoids, which affect retention of water and sodium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Secondary: The pituitary gland is not producing enough ACTH to stimulate the adrenal glands.
Chronic stress causes pituitary gland to produce ACTH which stimulates the production of cortisol in the adrenal gland.
CT revealed a well circumscribed, internally heterogeneous, progressively enhancing, 140x123 mm mass in the left adrenal gland with areas of fat attenuation and calcifications (Figure 1).
Addison's disease is usually caused by damage to the adrenal glands. Most cases of Addison's disease are caused by the gradual destruction of the outer layer of the adrenal glands, by the body's own immune system.
In critical illness, the adrenal glands are submaximally stimulated and frequently do not mount the incremental cortisol response of 250 nmol/L following the synthetic adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) stimulation test.
For a cat to have an overabundance of Cortisol, either the pituitary is sending out too much ACTH or the adrenal glands themselves are overproducing Cortisol.
The Azedra (iobenguane I 131) injection for intravenous use has been approved by the US FDA for the treatment of adults and adolescents age 12 and older with rare tumours of the adrenal gland (pheochromocytoma or paraganglioma) that cannot be surgically removed (unresectable), have spread beyond the original tumour site and require systemic anticancer therapy.
A large approximately spherical mass of tissue 10 to 12 centimeters in diameter, composed of a very friable homogeneous tissue surrounded by a thick pseudo-capsule was located at the posterior pole of the left adrenal gland and continuous with it (FIG.
What Are The Adrenal Glands? The adrenal glands and the hormones they produce play a key role in overall health and energy levels.
Sixth, as the storage of cortisol in the adrenal glands is small in patients with adrenal deficiency, these patients should avoid exposing themselves to any unnecessary stressors, which deplete the adrenals of their cortisol stores.

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