muscle dysmorphia

(redirected from Adonis Complex)
A specific type of body dysmorphic disorder in which a person—usually male, average age 20—becomes obsessed with building muscle to the point where it impacts on his/her interactions with others, employment and his self-image. It is regarded as a treatment-resistant mental disorder, which typically occurs in bodybuilders who, while very muscular and physically fit, see a '97-pound weakling' in the mirror
Risk factors Bullying during primary, secondary school, family dysfunction, perfectionism, severe stress, aesthetic focus and negative influence of mass culture that promotes an idealised Arnold Schwarzenegger-type body
Management Antidepressants

muscle dysmorphia

Sports medicine A mental disorder seen in bodybuilders who, although very muscular and physically fit, still see the proverbial “90-pound weakling” when viewing themselves in the mirror Management Antidepressants. Cf Anorexia nervosa.

muscle dysmorphia

, muscle dysmorphic disorder
A body image disorder principally experienced by males, characterized by excessive fear about one's body size, esp. a concern that one's muscles are not large enough. Boys affected by muscle dysmorphia often take drugs, e.g., androgenic or anabolic steroids, to increase their body size. The syndrome is also known colloquially as bigorexia or vigorexia.
Synonym: reverse anorexia See: body dysmorphic disorder

Muscle dysmorphia

A subtype of BDD, described as excessive preoccupation with muscularity and body building to the point of interference with social, educational, or occupational functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Her conclusions on the question of the body include: a stern warning against the vanities of an Adonis complex, a recommendation that physical contests take the form of self-rivalry rather than rivalry against comrades, and a sound appreciation for the 'selective value' of strength, health, and fitness in the human life.
The Adonis Complex, named after the Greek god known for being annually renewed and ever-youthful, is staffed by five contracted personal trainers who take appointments around the clock.
Despite the difficulties, Bell was able to open The Adonis Complex in June and is now focusing on providing clients with "personal training on a more personal level," while working to gain more clients through her radio, newspaper and movie theater ads.
Scientists have discovered the Adonis complex, which affects guys who are either too puny or have a beer belly.
a clinical psychologist at Harvard Medical School and coauthor of "The Adonis Complex," said in an interview that men with muscle dysmorphia see their muscularity as a reflection of who they are, and that this is important to them either for fitting in or standing out in a positive way.
But experts believe this obsession with muscle definition they call the Adonis complex is encouraging eating disorders among elite athletes.
In The Adonis Complex, US psychiatrists Harrison Pope, Katharine Phillips, and Roberto Olivardia argue that today, men have almost as much of a problem with body image as women.
The Adonis Complex was a revelation to him, as it would have been to me, had it existed when I was his age.
A new syndrome called the Adonis Complex has been duly identified and turned into a book by three American psychologists who are convinced that men are crumbling under the strain of pursuing physical perfection.
American academics have dubbed it the Adonis Complex and rather than being something healthy, many of these men are suffering from a psychological condition known as muscle dysmorphia, or bigorexia.
In a recently-published book, The Adonis Complex, leading psychologists say more and more men are tying their self-worth to their body image.