adjustment disorder

(redirected from Adjustment reaction)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.


the changing of something to improve its relationship to something else.
adjustment disorder a mental disorder characterized by a maladaptive reaction to identifiable stressful life events, such as divorce, loss of job, physical illness, or natural disaster; this diagnosis assumes that the condition will remit when the stress ceases or when the patient adapts to the situation. Called also adjustment reaction.
impaired adjustment a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to modify lifestyle or behavior in a manner consistent with a change in health status.

adjustment disorder

Etymology: L, adjuxtare, to bring together
a temporary disorder of varying severity that occurs as an acute reaction to overwhelming stress in persons of any age who have no apparent underlying mental disorders. Symptoms include anxiety, withdrawal, depression, impulsive outbursts, crying spells, attention-seeking behavior, enuresis, loss of appetite, aches, pains, and muscle spasms. It can be persistent if symptoms continue for six months or more. It can develop in response to an identifiable stressor and result from situations such as separation of an infant from its mother, the birth of a sibling, loss or change of job, death of a loved one, or forced retirement. Symptoms usually recede and eventually disappear as stress diminishes. See also anxiety disorder.

Adjustment Disorder

A constellation of extreme reactions seen in adolescents, in response to social (and familial) demands to establish personal identity and independence from family.

adjustment disorder

Child psychiatry A constellation of extreme reactions in adolescents to social demands for establishing personal identity and independence from family

ad·just·ment dis·order

(ă-jŭst'mĕnt dis-ōr'dĕr)
1. A class of mental and behavioral disorders in which the development of symptoms is related to the presence of some environmental stressor or life event and is expected to remit when the stress ceases.
2. A disorder the essential feature of which is a maladaptive reaction to an identifiable psychological stress, or stressors, which occurs within weeks of the onset of the stressors and persists for up to 6 months.

Adjustment disorder

A disorder defined by the development of significant emotional or behavioral symptoms in response to a stressful event or series of events within the normal range of human experience.
References in periodicals archive ?
Specific paternal comorbidities that were positively associated with a child having an ACS-ED visit included having diagnoses for both depression and adjustment reaction (OR: 1.
The Finance Ministry went onto say that "in the view of the low level of production and the related under-utilization of the economy's production capabilities-stronger adjustment reactions on the labor market are yet to come," but anticipates household spending to bolster economic activity in the third-quarter as consumer sentiment improves.
Children with HIV infection may exhibit multiple mental health problems, including depression, anxiety, and adjustment reactions.
Severe adjustment reactions (including depression) to adolescence.
Severe adjustment reactions (including depression) to adolescence at a school admitting only students with average-to-above-average intelligence (Letter Ruling 8447014).
Both the dollar and the euro were bought against the yen overnight and in the morning, ending their adjustment reactions seen in the last two days in Tokyo.
Individuals with congenital forms of blindness might experience normal adjustment reactions to the experience of being blind.
It dipped below 117 yen Wednesday in Tokyo for the first time since last Thursday amid adjustment reactions to its recent rapid gains.
The computerized guidelines feature more than 12 electronic guidelines to manage some of the most common and costly mental health illnesses including major depression, anxiety and mood disorders, psychotic syndromes, adjustment reactions, acute and post-traumatic stress disorders, eating disorders, and various substance-related conditions.