adipocyte

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adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.
References in periodicals archive ?
The second major type of the adipose cell, the brown adipocyte, was overlooked in humans for many years until imaging with [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose revealed that, like mice, humans also have extensive depots of BAT ([27], reviewed in [28, 29]).
Due to striking similarities in the morphology and adipogenic capacity of adipocytes from PAT with the characteristics of brown adipocytes, we isolated and analyzed mRNA and proteins from precursor adipose cells and mature adipocytes from SAT and PAT.
Histopathologically, EHT consists of spindle cells, epithelial cells, and mature adipose cells. Immunohistochemically, both spindle cells and epithelial cells are CK AE1/3 (+), and the spindle cells are a-SMA (+).
Subcutaneous adipose cells, which demonstrate the dynamic regeneration parallel to the activation of skin stem cell, are necessary and sufficient to drive follicular stem cell activation and support lanugo growth [13].
Adipose tissue is composed of mature adipose cells and stroma-vascular fraction (SVF).
In his latest study, he looked at what happens when the SIRT1 protein is missing from adipose cells, which make up body fat.
A percutaneous biopsy was performed which revealed the presence of adipose cells in the periphery of the mass.
The authors conclude that both in vitro and in vivo studies showed that adipose cells are targets of AhR ligands and suggest that inflammation is one of the main regulated pathways.
"Irisin acts on white adipose cells in culture and in vivo to stimulate a broad program of healthy brown-fat-like development.
Third, these cells appear to direct surrounding cells to regenerate the architecture of adipose (fat) tissue, even directing the differentiation of white blood cells such as macrophages to become adipose cells. Finally, adipose tissue stem cells can differentiate into fat cells.
To determine whether Magnolia dealbata and its active compounds stimulate the glucose uptake by adipose cells, the 2-NBDG uptake by terminally differentiated 3T3-F442A and human subcutaneous adipocytes was assayed in the presence of MDE, HK, and MG.