adipocyte

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adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 % in adult females and males, respectively, from summer to late autumn (Funakoshi & Uchida 1978b), and white adipose cells stored as visceral and subcutaneous fats are used for energy during hibernation (Funakoshi & Uchida 1978a).
First, it should be determined whether the metabolic effects of the beige adipocyte are subject to an increase in UCP1 or there are alternate metabolic pathways that could improve the condition of the adipose cells [123].
This study demonstrates that an ethanolic extract of Magnolia dealbata seeds (MDE) and its components HK and MG stimulate the glucose uptake in adipose cells and propose for the first time a mechanism for the antidiabetic properties of these plant preparations.
On histologic study, typical JAG and CPA lipomas contain mature adipose cells and varying degrees of fibrovascular tissue.
Adipose cells are located all over your body, but most are located just under your skin.
The Japan Patent Office granted Pluristem two patents addressing three-dimensional methods for expanding placental and adipose cells, and specified cell therapies produced from placental tissue using these methods.
The company is advancing the development of its brown adipose cell therapy program by evaluating certain cell delivery encapsulation technology that would enable transplanted brown adipose cells to effectively maintain or regulate normal metabolism in humans.
They found that when children become obese, beginning as early as age six, there was an increase in the number of adipose cells, and that they are larger in size than the cells found in the bodies of lean children.
Subsequent clinical studies of Renevia is planned as a delivery matrix for autologous adipose cells to restore normal skin contours in patients where the subcutaneous adipose tissue had been lost to lipoatrophy.