adipokines

ad·i·po·kines

(ad'i-pō'kēnz)
Autocrine and paracrine factors released from human adipose tissue, in particular the visceral depots; including cytokines, acute phase reactants, growth factors, and other inflammatory mediators. Many are involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension, insulin resistance, and atherosclerosis.
Synonym(s): adipocytokines.
[adipo- + G. kineō to set in motion]
References in periodicals archive ?
From leptin to other adipokines in health and disease: Facts and expectations at the beginning of the 21st century.
According to study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, the researchers, including Rashmi Supriya from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, one year of yoga training decreased pro-inflammatory adipokines-signalling proteins released by fat tissue-and increased an anti-inflammatory adipokine in adults with metabolic syndrome and high-normal blood pressure.
According to study published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, the researchers, including Rashmi Supriya from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, one year of yoga training decreased pro-inflammatory adipokines -- signalling proteins released by fat tissue -- and increased an anti-inflammatory adipokine in adults with metabolic syndrome and high-normal blood pressure.
Topics of the 24 contributions include diabetes, adipokines, bariatric surgery, nutrition, fetal ultrasonography, venous thromboembolism, induction of labor, anesthesia for the obese patient, and cesarean delivery.
4 Inflammation is caused by several hormones like proteins called adipokines, released from adipose tissues, which now, considered as main endocrine tissue of the body.
Adipokines were also considered secondary to adiposity because of the association of adiponectin with adipocyte differentiation and the proportional relationship between circulating levels of leptin and fat mass (Stern et al.
Most adipokines regulate AMPactivated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling to modulate insulin action [12,13].
This article will review the gut-brain axis via the vagus nerve and microbial metabolic products including endotoxin and short-chain fatty acids, hormones, neuropeptides, and adipokines.
The role of adipose tissue and adipokines in obesity-related inflammatory diseases.
20] Several studies suggest that adipokines (proteins synthesised and secreted mostly by adipocytes) are the major factors linking obesity to OA.
The mechanisms underlying the development of obesity and T2D include the hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia of adipocytes and adipose tissue inflammation together with an altered secretion of adipokines.