adipocyte(redirected from Adipocytes)
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Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes
a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
See fat cell.
AdipocyteA generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.