adipocyte

(redirected from Adipocytes)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 4: Apoptosis rates of the matured adipocytes treated with Pingmu Decoction serum.
Oil Red O Staining of 3T3-L1 Adipocyte. Eight days after the differentiation induction, in order to measure the lipid accumulation within the 3T3-L1 adipocytes, the cells were fixed using 10% formaldehyde and stained with Oil Red O.
Fully differentiated adipocytes were maintained in DMEM/FBS at 37[degrees]C in 5% C[O.sub.2] and used 9-14 days after the initiation of differentiation.
Using lipid-laden 3T3-L1 adipocytes as a model, we found that, in the presence of intracellular lipid, Nile red was detected with the same excitation and emission wavelengths ideal for detecting 2-NBDG.
H and E staining of biopsies taken from Group 2 rats on day 98 revealed the presence of fat cells with cyst and vacuole formations, a small amount of ongoing cellular infiltration, and that some adipocytes were betterpreserved in shape and structure compared to those in the control group [Figure 6c and d].
The composition of the defined adipocyte-EC co-culture medium (CoM) was developed based on defined mono-culture medium for adipocytes (adipocyte maintenance medium, ACM, developed by us (Volz and Kluger, 2018)) or ECs (EC growth medium, ECM, PELOBiotech, Germany) (Tab.
FTO deficiency induces UCP-1 expression and mitochondrial uncoupling in adipocytes. Endocrinology 2013;154:3141-51.
Lipid accumulation of differentiated adipocytes was visualized and determined by Oil Red O staining kit (ECM950, Millipore).
BM adipocytes arise from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells [25].
For qRT-PCR, adipose and adipocytes were analyzed for specific immune cell lineages (Cd3, Emr1) to assess T-cell and macrophage infiltration, respectively.
The remodeling of adipose tissue causes adipocytes to decrease in size, with increased size variation and a more rounded shape.