adipocyte

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Related to Adipocytes: Preadipocytes

adipocyte

 [ad´ĭ-po-sīt″]
fat cell.

fat cell

a connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.

adipocyte

/ad·i·po·cyte/ (-sīt″) fat cell.

adipocyte

(ăd′ə-pō-sīt′)
n.

adipocyte

[ad′ipōsīt′]
a fat (adipose) cell, potentially containing a large fat vacuole consisting mainly of triglycerides.

Adipocyte

A generic term for any fat-storing cell, either:
(1) White (yellow, or adult) fat cells, which are far more common. These are unilocular—i.e., their cytoplasm contains a single humongous lipid-rich vacuole containing triglycerides and cholesteryl ester that flattens the remaining cytoplasm and nucleus to the outer edge. White fat cells—all 30 billion of them—secrete adiponectin, leptin and resistin, and weigh 13 kg/2 stone/30 lbs. White adipocytes divide once they grow beyond 4 times their usual size.
(2) Brown (baby) fat cells are multilocular and polygonal. In contrast to white fat cells, brown fat cells are rich in mitochondria and generate heat.

fat cell

(fat sel)
A connective tissue cell distended with one or more fat globules, the cytoplasm usually being compressed into a thin envelope, with the nucleus at one point in the periphery.
Synonym(s): adipocyte, adipose cell.

adipocyte

A fat cell. A cell that synthesizes and stores neutral fats (triacylglycerols or TRIGLYCERIDES). Human fat is a liquid at body temperature, so adipocytes are normally filled with oil. Adipocytes develop from adipoblasts, which derive from fibroblasts.

adipocyte

a cell specialized for the storage of fat; the fat is stored in a large cytoplasmic vesicle.

embryonic adipocyte
develop in the subcutis during the second half of pregnancy.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hematoxylin and eosin (H and E) staining showed that the transplanted nanofat caused tissue fibrosis, and barely any adipocytes were observed even on day 2 posttransplantation.
UAB researchers and colleagues focused on the molecular mechanism that controls the lineage commitment switch between the osteoblast and adipocyte tracks.
This study suggests that lipophilic statins (simvastatin) reduce the GLUT4 protein levels in adipocytes, whereas hydrophilic statins (pravastatin) do not.
In this study, we combined metabolomic and proteomic analyses to study the biochemical changes elicited by a pervasive EDC, monoethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP), in differentiated adipocytes.
While PPAR[gamma] agonists for treating type 2 diabetes increase glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity by stimulating adipogenesis, they increase lipid accumulation in adipocytes and cause weight gain [10,14].
Adipogenesis process consists of the differentiation of preadipocytes to mature adipocytes which involves the accumulation of lipid droplets, changes in gene expression and cellular morphology (Bae et al.
Likewise, Efavirenz (EFV), Elvitegravir (EVG) as well as rilpivirine (RPV) repress [78-80], whereas nevirapine (NVP) heightens Acrp30 release from adipocytes [79,81,82].
Another feature of beige adipocytes is the capacity to have a flexible phenotype.
Thus, we decided to evaluate the influence of cross-sex hormonal replacement on the antioxidant enzymes contained in rat retroperitoneal fat adipocytes.
Adipocytes are a major constituent of adipose tissue that controls energy balance by storing triglycerides in periods of energy excess and mobilizing it during energy deprivation.
To study the effects of genetic differences in adipocytes, the researchers gathered adipose samples from healthy Europeans carrying either the risk or the non-risk version of the region.
Based on these observations we propose insulin hypersecretion as an etiological factor promoting lipid deposition, insulin resistance, cellular dysfunction and death in insulin-producing beta-cells and insulin-target brown adipocytes.