adhesins


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Related to adhesins: formaldehyde dehydrogenase

ad·he·sins

(ad-hē'zins),
Microbial surface antigens that frequently exist in the form of filamentous projections (pili or fimbriae) and bind to specific receptors on epithelial cell membranes; usually classified according to their ability to induce agglutination of erythrocytes from various species, their differential attachment to epithelial cells of various origins, or their susceptibility to reversal of such binding activities in the presence of mannose.
[L. ad-haereo, pp. ad-haesum, to stick to, + -in]

adhesins

Proteins on the outer surfaces of micro-organisms that allow them to bind to cells they are attacking.

adhesins

substances which confer virulence on bacteria by enabling them to adhere to epithelial surfaces. See also pilus, fimbria.

AAF adhesins
aggregative adherence fimbriae; involved in the adherence of Escherichia coli to intestinal epithelial cells.
References in periodicals archive ?
PCR amplification was performed in order to confirm the presence of genes coding for different virulence factors: adhesins (aggregation substance--agg and asa1 of E.
Many of the cell-associated protein adhesins used by pathogens are components of the S-layer.
Of all Hae-specific genes, >22% encoded homologs of products identified elsewhere as being involved in host--pathogen interactions; prominent members were putative adhesins and invasins not previously found in strains of H.
At the tip of each pilus is an adhesin, a protein designed to stick to a surface molecule of the bacterium's target cells.
Interactions between bacterial adhesins and [beta]1 integrins have been described for several pathogens that invade the respiratory or gastrointestinal mucosa and play a major role in mucosal translocation and triggering the release of chemokines (34).
Since most bacterial infections of host cells, and teeth, begin with some sort of attachment, researchers sought to identify various adhesins.
Further, in pathogenic associations, bacterial adhesins on pill often are involved in recognizing specific sugar receptors on the animal cell surface (Finley and Falkow, 1989).
The focus of the collaboration is the discovery and characterization of cell surface adhesins from Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci.
Further, we determined the presence of fnbA gene, responsible for adhesins production.
DISCUSSION: Aspergillus produces several virulence factors, including adhesins, antioxidants, enzymes, and toxins (4).
are usually described as extracellular bacteria that secrete adhesins and toxins adapted to their hosts (10).