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8) The preoperative Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society end-stage ankle arthritis classification distinguishes isolated ankle arthritis (type 1), ankle arthritis with intraarticular varus or valgus deformity, hindfoot instability or a tight heel cord (type 2), ankle arthritis with hindfoot deformity, tibial malunion, midfoot abductus or adductus, supinated midfoot, plantar flexed first ray, etc.
Limestones of the Kibatin Formation, overlying the sandy-silty Pogurej sediments in the Polar Urals, contain conodonts indicative of the lower Tremadocian Cordylodus angulatus Zone, and species of the trilobite genera Apatokephalus, Jdyia and Niobe together with the agnostid Geragnostus adductus (see Table 2 in Appendix; Klyuzhina 1985; Dembovskij et al.
It is associated with congenital abnormalities such as metatarsus adductus (pigeon toe), torticollis (wry neck), infantile spina bifida and talipes equinovarus (club foot).
Later chapters examine specific conditions such as clubfoot, metatarsus adductus, and intoeing gait, as well as footwear and orthoses.
Clubfoot is a deformity of the lower limb, characterized by adductus of the forefoot, cavus (increased longitudinal arch), varus of the heel (heel is turned in), and equinus of the foot (foot is in plantar flexion) as well as a small calf muscle.
Examination of the feet revealed widened first web spaces bilaterally consistent with either metatarsus adductus or mild ectrodactyly.
Adductus erat adolescens elegante forma, vt ex aspectu colligeret indolem; at ille non videbat adolescentem donec taceret, quod non tam in vultu quam in oratione reluceat animus.
0, indicating a mild residual equinus, valgus, supination, forefoot adductus, cavus, and the presence of abnormal musculature (Fig.