adaptive immune system

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adaptive immune system

n.
The component of the vertebrate immune system involving lymphocytes (B cells and T cells) containing a small number of genetically encoded proteins that combine to produce an enormous variety of proteins capable of recognizing and deactivating specific antigens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diabetic mice display a delayed adaptive immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
When the innate immunity is unable to curb the infection, it initiates the adaptive immune response. Once the adaptive immune response starts fighting the dengue infection, the antigens present on virus particles activate B-cells, which mature into plasma cells which then produce antibodies called IgM and IgG [5, 17].
Plasmocytes are subtypes of DCs formed in the bone marrow that are especially related to both innate and adaptive immune responses. Myeloid subtypes also originate in the bone marrow and are located in the blood and tissues of organs such as the heart and kidneys.
Recognition of these antigens by the inner ear's innate immune cells (neutrophils, macrophages, dendritic cells, etc.; see Table 2 and Figure 1) stimulates the release of IL-1[beta], which in turn triggers a series of adaptive immune responses. The cytokines that are released as part of these responses then recruit lymphocytes from the circulatory system into the inner ear where they cause irreversible tissue damage [39].
To evaluate the humoral adaptive immune response induced by compositions containing antigen and individual CLR agonist, blood was collected 14 days after the last injection from mice immunized as above and assayed for total IgG and IgG isotypes.
The main cytokines of the adaptive immune response, the effector cells, and their principle actions are explained separately.
reviewed the recent progress in understanding the role of T lymphocyte-mediated adaptive immune response in the inflammatory regulation of T2DM.
Evasion from adaptive immune response by intracellular Brucella bacterium: Adaptive immunity usually starts after activation of innate immunity.
Dr Jablons is also a co-investigator on several other grants as part of collaborations with lead PIs in other labs: (1) Development of new immunotherapy-based drugs for the treatment of lung cancer by isolating resident immune cells in lung tumor tissue to assess the adaptive immune response; (2) Investigation of the mechanism of the KMD5A protein in rendering NSCLC resistant to EGFR TKI therapy; and (3) Investigation of the role of genetic variation in TGF-beta overactivation in COPD.
Activation of cochlear innate immunity has been shown to augment the adaptive immune response to an antigen in the cochlea, (7) and therefore it is believed that an innate immune response could initiate the entrance of inner ear antigen-primed circulating leukocytes, prompting an immune response.
Memory T cells develop after the evolution of the adaptive immune response. This protective response begins after the recognition of the antigen presented by professional APCs to naive T lymphocytes, which triggers their proliferation and differentiation into effector T cells.

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