acute retroviral syndrome

Also found in: Acronyms.

acute retroviral syndrome

The period of initial infection with HIV when the virus first replicates, often causing a flulike or mononucleosis-like syndrome, and typically lasting for 2 to 4 weeks.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners

Acute retroviral syndrome

A group of symptoms resembling mononucleosis that often are the first sign of HIV infection in 50-70% of all patients and 45-90% of women.
Mentioned in: AIDS
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical features of acute retroviral syndrome differ by route of infection but not by gender and age.
However, patient A's acute retroviral syndrome onset occurred 10 days after his NAAT and he engaged in condomless insertive and receptive oral, and insertive anal sex with patient B as directed by the production company.
Dengue or acute retroviral syndrome? Presse Med 2000;29:1173-4.
It is estimated that between 40% and 90% of patients with AHI experience an acute retroviral syndrome (ARS).
Acute retroviral syndrome developed in an inmate in a detention center after he had intercourse with 2 HIV-infected inmates.
Although symptoms of acute retroviral syndrome develop in up to 89% of persons newly infected with HIV (3), the timely recognition and diagnosis of primary HIV infection and initiation of antiretroviral treatment before HIV seroconversion have rarely been reported from a correctional facility.
In contrast, patients treated after about 2 months of the initial symptoms of HIV infection (also known as acute retroviral syndrome) were not able to control their viral load when drugs were stopped, even when some of them received a vaccine to help their immune system.
Subsequent laboratory testing will confirm that David has acute retroviral syndrome, which accompanies primary HIV infection (PHI), also known as acute HIV infection.
He was diagnosed as having tonsillitis; throat culture yielded "normal respiratory flora." No HIV-antibody test was performed at the time, nor is there any indication that an acute retroviral syndrome was considered.
The researchers then looked at these immune responses in 3 individuals diagnosed with PHI (specifically during symptomatic acute retroviral syndrome) who had begun combination antiretroviral therapy before seroconversion.
In addition, the occurrence of pharyngitis 4 weeks after the dental procedure is consistent with an acute retroviral syndrome following HIV infection.
These symptoms are generally referred to as "acute retroviral syndrome."

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