Cut-throat injury patients may present with airway compromise, aspiration, acute blood loss
with hypoxemia if major blood vessels are involved.
A post-mortem examination revealed she died as a result of hypoxia and acute blood loss
due to a placental abruption.
Currently, HES is indicated for surgical and trauma patients with hypovolemia caused by acute blood loss
when crystalloids alone are not considered sufficient.
Therefore, this means the intervention has sensitised most of our participants to err on the side of caution and react quicker to acute blood loss
. This, however, does have undesirable consequences such as unnecessary expenditure, especially when scarce commodities such as blood products are consumed.
Elevated platelet values can be caused by certain malignancies, acute blood loss
, autoimmune disease, and acute infection.
Treatment of acute blood loss
anemia is directed by the patient's clinical presentation and pertinent laboratory profiles and should follow the rule of ABC (airway, breathing, and circulation).
None of the patients demonstrated symptoms of acute blood loss
anemia or required transfusion.
Indications for transfusion include symptomatic anaemia (causing shortness of breath, dizziness, congestive heart failure, and decreased exercise tolerance), acute sickle cell crisis, and acute blood loss
of more than 30 percent of blood volume.
Chronic blood loss and microcytic, hypochromic anemia is associated with decreased production and increased destruction is linked to acute blood loss
or hemolytic anemia.
Our findings demonstrated that restrictive transfusion strategy could be safely used for emergency surgery in patients with ectopic pregnancy and acute blood loss
(6) But when the quantification of blood loss was not available, we validated with the presence or absence of perioperative codes for acute blood loss
anemia, postoperative shock, hemorrhage, and use of blood products.