acute lead poisoning


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acute lead poisoning

Medical slang
Gunshot wound, see there.

acute lead poisoning

Poisoning caused by ingestion or inhalation of a large amount of lead, causing abdominal pain, metallic taste in mouth, anorexia, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, stupor, renal failure, convulsions, and coma.

Treatment

Adequate urine flow should be established; convulsions may be controlled with diazepam. Calcium disodium edetate and dimercaprol are administered to remove lead from the body. After acute therapy is completed, penicillamine is given orally for 3 to 6 months for children and up to 2 months for adults. The exposure to lead should be reduced or eliminated.

CAUTION!

Patients receiving penicillamine therapy must be monitored weekly for adverse reactions, including diffuse erythematous rashes, angioneurotic edema, proteinuria, and neutropenia. Penicillamine is contraindicated in patients with a history of penicillin sensitivity, renal disease, or both.
See also: poisoning
References in periodicals archive ?
Six free-ranging California condors (Gymnogyps californianus) of mixed sex and age from the Peregrine Fund condor release site at Vermillion Cliffs, AZ, USA were diagnosed with acute lead poisoning with symptomatic crop distension or stasis.
CONCLUSION: The high levels of environmental contamination, percentage of children < 5 years of age with elevated BLLs (97%, > 45 pg/dL), and incidence of convulsions among children before death (82%) suggest that most of the recent childhood deaths in the two surveyed villages were caused by acute lead poisoning from gold ore processing activities.
In 2006, another boy aged 4 years from Minnesota died from acute lead poisoning after ingesting a heart-shaped metallic charm containing 99.1% lead (9).
Acute lead poisoning can lead to colic and blindness and even mild lead poisoning can affect intelligence.
The authors conclude that the high levels of environmental contamination, high BBLs, and the incidence of convulsions among children before death (82%) suggest that most of the recent childhood deaths in the two surveyed villages were caused by acute lead poisoning from gold ore-processing activities.