Research that occurs when trialists design a field experiment, collect data which they provide to the study’s participants, both as feedback and as a way of planning and fine-tuning the next stage of the experiment or trial.
Although I typically engage in conventional evaluation research and informal action research during my everyday activities of being a teacher, a number of issues prompted the need to add a more formal action research component for this graduate-level FNP program.
In fact, graduates of exemplary programs that use problem-based learning strategies such as action research demonstrated more effective leadership practices--including using data to manage school improvement--than did principals in the national comparison sample (Darling-Hammond et al.
in the lives of historically marginalized schools and communities, this article provides a framework for synthesizing and to some degree assessing teacher reflections about their action research j ourney, the meaning of the process to multiple stake-holders, the challenges they named, how they navigated the challenges, and ultimately some of the changes they named in themselves, their schools, and communities.
Action research was first developed by Kurt Lewin, a social psychologist who greatly influenced the field of counseling, particularly regarding the understanding of human development, group dynamics, and organizational leadership (Adelman, 1993).
Anyone who tries to get better evidence of the success or failure of his/her teaching or administrative or supervisory activities, and what he/she does in the light of this evidence is conducting a type of action research (p.