Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

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Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus ac·ti·no·my·ce·tem·co·m'i·tans

a species of doubtful taxonomic position; frequently associated with some forms of human periodontal disease as well as subacute and chronic endocarditis; occurs with actinomycetes in actinomycotic lesions.

Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans

A gram-negative facultative coccobacillus, which is most often linked to periodontal disease, and may cause soft tissue abscesses, endocarditis, pneumonia.

Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus ac·ti·no·my·ce·tem·com·i·tans

(akti-nō-bă-silŭs akti-nō-mī-sĕ-tem-komi-tanz)
Species of doubtful taxonomic position; frequently associated with some forms of human periodontal disease as well as subacute and chronic endocarditis.


a genus of bacteria which are gram-negative, pleomorphic rods.

Actinobacillus actinoides
a secondary agent in seminal vesiculitis in bulls and enzootic pneumonia in calves.
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
associated with epididymitis in rams and periodontal disease and endocarditis in humans.
Actinobacillus capsulatus
the cause of arthritis and septicemia in rabbits.
Actinobacillus equuli
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young foals and also peritonitis in adult horses. Previously called Shigella equirulis.
Actinobacillus lignieresi
the cause of actinobacillosis of cattle and sheep, and occasionally in pigs, dogs and humans.
Actinobacillus mallei
see burkholderiamallei.
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
causes severe pleuropneumonia and pleuritis in pigs. Previously Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.
Actinobacillus salpingitidis
the proposed name for a bacteria which is isolatable from cases of salpingitis, peritonitis, airsacculitis and pneumonia in birds. Called also Pasteurella salpingitis.
Actinobacillus seminis
the cause of epididymitis and periorchitis in rams.
Actinobacillus suis
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young pigs.
Actinobacillus ureae
may be a cause of abortion in sows.
References in periodicals archive ?
Association between infection of different strains of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque and clinical parameters in chronic periodontitis / J Zhejiang Univ Sci B.
The cell cycle-specific growth-inhibitory factor produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is a cytolethal distending toxin.
Various types of periodontal diseases affect children and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A.
HACEK refers to gram-negative bacilli: Haemophilus species (H parainfluenzae, H aphrophilus, and H paraphrophilus), Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis Eikenella corrodens and Kingella species.
Such a mechanism has been demonstrated in other pathogens, such as Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, which elicits its own uptake into host cells as a means to gain access to other tissues (Yoshino & Vasta 1996, Fives-Taylor et al.
Microbiological and clinical results of metronidazome plus amoxicillin therapy in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans associated periodontitis.
It is most commonly associated with a group of gram-negative bacilli collectively known as HACEK (for Hemophilus parainfluenzae, H aphrophilus, Hemophilus paraphrophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae).
Material from patient 1 was submitted for microbiologic culture and grew Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.
The new system can detect and directly identify three bacteria: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Bacteriodes forsythus and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.
With Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, however, a general antibiotic is used because the bacteria penetrate deep into the gum.
Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Tannerella forsythensis, and Treponema denticola.
Outer membrane-like vesicles secreted by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are enriched in leukotoxin.

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