Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

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Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus ac·ti·no·my·ce·tem·co·m'i·tans

a species of doubtful taxonomic position; frequently associated with some forms of human periodontal disease as well as subacute and chronic endocarditis; occurs with actinomycetes in actinomycotic lesions.

Actinobacillus Actinomycetemcomitans

A gram-negative facultative coccobacillus, which is most often linked to periodontal disease, and may cause soft tissue abscesses, endocarditis, pneumonia.

Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus ac·ti·no·my·ce·tem·com·i·tans

(akti-nō-bă-silŭs akti-nō-mī-sĕ-tem-komi-tanz)
Species of doubtful taxonomic position; frequently associated with some forms of human periodontal disease as well as subacute and chronic endocarditis.


a genus of bacteria which are gram-negative, pleomorphic rods.

Actinobacillus actinoides
a secondary agent in seminal vesiculitis in bulls and enzootic pneumonia in calves.
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
associated with epididymitis in rams and periodontal disease and endocarditis in humans.
Actinobacillus capsulatus
the cause of arthritis and septicemia in rabbits.
Actinobacillus equuli
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young foals and also peritonitis in adult horses. Previously called Shigella equirulis.
Actinobacillus lignieresi
the cause of actinobacillosis of cattle and sheep, and occasionally in pigs, dogs and humans.
Actinobacillus mallei
see burkholderiamallei.
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
causes severe pleuropneumonia and pleuritis in pigs. Previously Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.
Actinobacillus salpingitidis
the proposed name for a bacteria which is isolatable from cases of salpingitis, peritonitis, airsacculitis and pneumonia in birds. Called also Pasteurella salpingitis.
Actinobacillus seminis
the cause of epididymitis and periorchitis in rams.
Actinobacillus suis
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young pigs.
Actinobacillus ureae
may be a cause of abortion in sows.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occurrence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and anti-leukotoxin antibodies in some members of an extended family affected by Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.
Neutrophil Chemotaxis in Down syndrome and normal children to Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.
Association between infection of different strains of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque and clinical parameters in chronic periodontitis / J Zhejiang Univ Sci B.
The cell cycle-specific growth-inhibitory factor produced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is a cytolethal distending toxin.
Staphylococcus, Enterococcus species, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas species, unusual gram negative bacteria, and the HACEK organisms (Haemophilus aphorphilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilius, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardioacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae) have been shown to be present in endocarditis and may play a role in vascular inflammation as well.
1995] found normalized PMN function after successful conservative periodontal treatment of a PLS patient, and Preus [1988] discovered a normalized monocyte function once the periodontitis and the presence of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (A.
HACEK refers to gram-negative bacilli: Haemophilus species (H parainfluenzae, H aphrophilus, and H paraphrophilus), Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis Eikenella corrodens and Kingella species.
Such a mechanism has been demonstrated in other pathogens, such as Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, which elicits its own uptake into host cells as a means to gain access to other tissues (Yoshino & Vasta 1996, Fives-Taylor et al.
Microbiological and clinical results of metronidazome plus amoxicillin therapy in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans associated periodontitis.
It is most commonly associated with a group of gram-negative bacilli collectively known as HACEK (for Hemophilus parainfluenzae, H aphrophilus, Hemophilus paraphrophilus, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae).
Efecto citotoxico de un extracto del Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans cepa Y4 ATCC 43718 sobre fibroblastos gingivales y periodontales humanos cultivados in vitro

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