Actinobacillus


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Actinobacillus

 [ak″tĭ-no-bah-sil´us]
a genus of gram-negative, nonmotile, coccoid or rod-shaped bacteria that are part of the normal microflora of mammals. The organisms are capable of infecting cattle and other domestic animals and, rarely, are associated with human infection; A. ligniere´sii is the causative agent of actinobacillosis.

Actinobacillus

(ak'tin-ō-bă-sil'lŭs),
A genus of small, nonmotile, non-spore-forming, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-negative rods interspersed with coccal elements. The metabolism of these bacteria is fermentative. They are pathogenic to animals. The type species is Actinobacillus lignieresii.
[actino- + L. bacillus, a little rod]

Actinobacillus

/Ac·ti·no·bac·il·lus/ (-bah-sil´us) a genus of potentially pathogenic schizomycetes (family Pasteurellaceae), causing granulomatous lesions.

Actinobacillus

[ak′tinōbasil′əs]
a genus of small, gram-negative bacillus, with members that are pathogenic for humans and other animals. The species Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans is the cause of actinomycosis in humans.
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Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus

(ak'tin-ō-bă-sil'ŭs)
A genus of nonmotile, non-spore-forming, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Brucellaceae) containing gram-negative rods interspersed with coccal elements. The metabolism of these bacteria is fermentative. They are pathogenic to animals. The type species is A. lignieresii.
[actino- + L. bacillus, a little rod]

Ac·ti·no·ba·cil·lus

(ak'tin-ō-bă-sil'ŭs)
A genus of nonmotile, non-spore-forming, aerobic, facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-negative rods interspersed with coccal elements. They are pathogenic to animals. The type species is A. lignieresii.
[actino- + L. bacillus, a little rod]

Actinobacillus

a genus of bacteria which are gram-negative, pleomorphic rods.

Actinobacillus actinoides
a secondary agent in seminal vesiculitis in bulls and enzootic pneumonia in calves.
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
associated with epididymitis in rams and periodontal disease and endocarditis in humans.
Actinobacillus capsulatus
the cause of arthritis and septicemia in rabbits.
Actinobacillus equuli
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young foals and also peritonitis in adult horses. Previously called Shigella equirulis.
Actinobacillus lignieresi
the cause of actinobacillosis of cattle and sheep, and occasionally in pigs, dogs and humans.
Actinobacillus mallei
see burkholderiamallei.
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
causes severe pleuropneumonia and pleuritis in pigs. Previously Haemophilus pleuropneumoniae.
Actinobacillus salpingitidis
the proposed name for a bacteria which is isolatable from cases of salpingitis, peritonitis, airsacculitis and pneumonia in birds. Called also Pasteurella salpingitis.
Actinobacillus seminis
the cause of epididymitis and periorchitis in rams.
Actinobacillus suis
the cause of septicemia and subsequent focal lesions in young pigs.
Actinobacillus ureae
may be a cause of abortion in sows.
References in periodicals archive ?
Utility of Extended Blood Culture Incubation for Isolation of Haemophilus, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella and Kingella Organisms: a Retrospective Multicenter Evaluation.
Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans Y4 capsular polysaccharide induces IL-1[alpha] mRNA expression through the JNK pathway in differentiated THP-1 ceils [Electronic version].
Association between infection of different strains of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in subgingival plaque and clinical parameters in chronic periodontitis / J Zhejiang Univ Sci B.
In vitro antimicrobial activity of a chitooligosaccharide mixture against Actinobacillus actinomycetimcomitans and Streptococcus mutans.
difficult to kill periopathogens, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa).
Staphylococcus, Enterococcus species, Enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas species, unusual gram negative bacteria, and the HACEK organisms (Haemophilus aphorphilus, Haemophilus paraphrophilius, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardioacterium hominis, Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella kingae) have been shown to be present in endocarditis and may play a role in vascular inflammation as well.
Immunodominant region of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans 40-kilodalton heat shock protein in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
HACEK refers to gram-negative bacilli: Haemophilus species (H parainfluenzae, H aphrophilus, and H paraphrophilus), Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Cardiobacterium hominis Eikenella corrodens and Kingella species.
Michigan Biotechnology Institute (MBI) International in Lansing developed a patented process based on Actinobacillus succinogenes, a bacterium isolated from the cow's rumen (a fermentation chamber in the animal's stomach).
Such a mechanism has been demonstrated in other pathogens, such as Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, which elicits its own uptake into host cells as a means to gain access to other tissues (Yoshino & Vasta 1996, Fives-Taylor et al.
Microbiological and clinical results of metronidazome plus amoxicillin therapy in Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans associated periodontitis.

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