acrosome

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acrosome

 [ak´ro-sōm]
the caplike, membrane-bound structure covering the anterior portion of the head of a spermatozoon; it contains enzymes involved in penetration of the ovum.
Acrosome of a spermatozoon. From Applegate, 2000.
acrosome reaction changes in the spermatozoon that result in development of perforations in the acrosome, allowing release of enzymes that facilitate fertilization.

ac·ro·some

(ak'rō-sōm),
A caplike organelle or saccule derived from Golgi elements that surround the anterior two thirds of the nucleus of a sperm. Enzymes contained within this structure probably facilitate the sperm's penetration of the zona pellucida of the oocyte.
Synonym(s): acrosomal cap, head cap
[acro- + G. soma, body]

acrosome

(ăk′rə-sōm′)
n.
A caplike structure at the anterior end of a spermatozoon that produces enzymes aiding in egg penetration.

ac′ro·so′mal (-sō′məl) adj.

Acrosome

A membrane-bound cap-like structure at the head of a spermatozoon that contains lytic enzymes—e.g., acrosin hyaluronidase—which degrade the ovum’s zona pellucida, allowing the penetration of one sperm.

acrosome

Reproduction biology A membrane-bound cap-like structure at the head of a spermatozoon that contains lytic enzymes–acrosin hyaluronidase which degrade the outer coat of the egg and allow the penetration of one sperm. See Acrosome reaction. Cf Capacitation.

ac·ro·some

(ak'rō-sōm)
A caplike organelle that surrounds the anterior two thirds of the nucleus of a sperm. Within this cap are enzymes that are thought to facilitate entry of the sperm into the oocyte.
[acro- + G. soma, body]

acrosome

A tiny sac or double membrane in the head of a SPERMATOZOON that contains the digestive enzymes needed to break down the protective cell membrane of the egg (OVUM) and allow penetration. Release of these enzymes is called the acrosome reaction.
Acrosomeclick for a larger image
Fig. 8 Acrosome . Head of a typical mammalian sperm.

acrosome

a membrane-bound sac derived from the GOLGI APPARATUS, located at the tip of the sperm. The acrosome plays an important role in fertilization. It contains enzymes that, when the sac ruptures upon contact with the egg, aid in penetration of the egg membrane, so allowing transfer of the sperm nucleus to the egg cell. See Fig. 8 .
References in periodicals archive ?
Elongation of the anterior tip of the acrosome is distinct from an "acrosome reaction," as there is no eversion of the inner acrosomal membrane or protrusion of the subacrosomal space by an acrosomal process (Sato and Osanai, 1983).
A very similar process, in which membranous vesicles formed spontaneously and contributed new membrane to the acrosomal process (Colwin et al., 1975), was described in the fertilization of a holothuroid.
testudinalis and other molluscan groups is the nature of the acrosomal process that extrudes the inner acrosomal membrane.
Sturgeon eggs have numerous micropyles, and the sperm form an acrosomal process (Cherr and Clark, 1984).
Any sperm within 5 [mu]m of the egg surface was counted if it had either a clearly visible acrosomal vesicle or an acrosomal process. Any sperm connected at the acrosomal process to the egg surface by densely staining material was considered to be attached.
In agreement with previous electron microscopy studies of sea urchin sperm, the acrosomal process of Echinometra sperm appeared to be coated with a densely staining granular substance, presumably including the protein bindin (Moy and Vacquier, 1979, Nishioka et al., 1990).