Acorus calamus


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sweet flag

A perennial herb, the rhizone of which contains mucilage, sesquiterpenes and volatile oils (azulene, camphor, cineole, eugenol, pinene and others); it is carminative, spasmolytic and mildly sedative.

Chinese medicine
In traditional Chinese medicine, sweet flag has been used for deafness, seizures and vertigo.

Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, sweet flag has been used for fever, gastrointestinal complaints (dyspepsia and flatulence), menstrual disorders, toothache and tobacco addiction.
 
Toxicity
Aserone, one of sweet flag’s volatile oils, is carcinogenic; the FDA has classified sweet flag as “unsafe”.

Acorus calamus,

n See sweet flag.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compositional variations and anthelmintic activity of essential oils from rhizomes of different wild populations of Acorus calamus L.
Acorus Calamus black teas are sourced from India and Sri Lanka, while the greens come from China and other parts of Asia.
A total of fifty three organic volatile compounds of rhizomes of Nepalese Acorus calamus L were isolated and identified, which belongs to alcohol (11), aldehyde (14), ester (3), furan (1), hydrocarbon (19), ketone (4), N-containing miscellaneous (1).
Acorus calamus, used by the Pankho healers for treatment of asthma has also been shown to have beneficial effects on this disease (Prasad et al.
The present study has been carried with a view to access the growth inhibiting affects of the plant extracts of sweet flag, Acorus calamus (L.
Plant materials include Acorus calamus (Araceae) stem, Asparagus racemosus (Asparagaceae) root, Aegle marmelos (Rutaceae) leaves and fruits, Cassia fistula (Fabaceae) fruits, Gymnema sylvestre (Asclepiadaceae) leaves, Holarrhena antidysenterica (Apocynaceae) bark, Mimusops elengi (Sapotaceae) bark, Ocimum sanctum (Lamiaceae) leaves, Piper longum (Piperaceae) leaves, Sapindus trifoliatus (Sapindaceae) fruits, Terminalia arjuna (Combretaceae) bark, Terminalia bellerica (Combretaceae) fruits, Terminalia chebula (Combretaceae) fruits and Withania somnifera (Solanaceae) roots.
10 species: Centella asiatica, Celastrus paniculatus, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Asparagus racemosus, Acorus calamus, Embelia ribes, Tinospora cordifolia, Achyrantes aspera, Terminalia chebula, Saussurea lappa.
Juncus articulatus, Typha latifolia, Schoenoplectus lacustris, and Acorus calamus were found occasionally and distributed evenly along the shoreline.
In Acorus calamus, Mucke (1908) and Buell (1938) described a unique uniseriate perisperm formed from the entire nucellar epidermis.
Acorus calamus ,Mentha arvensis, Ocimum basilicum, Saussrea lappa and Cymbopogan citrates were investigated for their larvicidal property against Aedes aegypti (L.
beta]-Asarone (1-propenyl-2, 4, 5-methoxybenzol) is a compound from the traditional medical herb Acorus calamus Linn.
Acorus calamus has uses in Indian traditional medicine as a nervine tonic, spasmolytic agent, anti-convulsant and for treatment of bronchial catarrh and asthma (Balakumbahan et al.