aconite

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Related to Aconites: Eranthis hyemalis, winter aconite

aconite

 [ak´ah-nīt]
an extremely toxic substance from the dried root of Aconitum napellus (monkshood or wolfsbane), containing several closely related alkaloids, principally aconitine. It has variable effects on the heart leading to heart failure and it also affects the central nervous system; poisoning can be fatal, and with large doses death may be instantaneous. It was formerly used as an antipyretic and cardiac and respiratory depressant and topically as a counterirritant and local anesthetic.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ō-nīt),
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as monkshood or wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.

aconite

/ac·o·nite/ (ak´o-nīt) a poisonous substance from the dried tuberous root of Aconitum napellus, which contains aconitine and related alkaloids and causes potentially fatal ventricular fibrillation and respiratory paralysis. It is used in Chinese herbal medicine and homeopathy as an analgesic, antiinflammatory, and cardiac tonic.

aconite

(ăk′ə-nīt′)
n.
1. Any of various usually poisonous perennial herbs of the genus Aconitum in the buttercup family, having tuberous roots, palmately lobed leaves, and blue, purple, or white flowers with a large hoodlike upper sepal.
2. The dried leaves and roots of some of these plants, which yield a poisonous alkaloid that was formerly used medicinally. In both senses also called monkshood, wolfsbane.

aconite

Herbal medicine
An alkaloid derived from the plant by the same name, which formerly had currency as a medicinal herb; given aconite’s toxicity, it is no longer used in herbal medicine.

Toxicity
Abdominal pain, anxiety, blurred vision, bradycardia, burning sensation, cardiac arrhythmias, chest pain, diaphoresis, dyspnoea, impaired speech, muscular weakness, nausea, paresthesias, vertigo, vomiting, and possibly death due to respiratory failure or ventricular fibrillation.

Management
Gastric lavage, atropine, digitalis.
 
Homeopathy
A homeopathic remedy for treating swelling, fever, infections, restlessness, anxiety and panic attacks, and parasthesias; it has also been used for anginal pain, arrhythmias, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, respiratory infections, laryngitis, sore throat, toothaches. In homeopathy, aconite’s concentration is extremely low, thus reducing its potential toxicity.

ac·o·nite

(ak'ŏ-nīt)
The dried root of Aconitum napellus (family Ranunculaceae), commonly known as wolfsbane; a powerful and rapid-acting poison formerly used as an antipyretic, diuretic, diaphoretic, anodyne, cardiac and respiratory depressant, and externally as an analgesic.
Synonym(s): fu tzu, monkshood.
[L. aconitum, fr. G. akoniton]

aconite

A poisonous mixture of alkaloids derived from the roots of the plant Aconitum napellus . Also known as Wolf's bane, Monskhood and Friar's cowl. Aconite is no longer used in medicine.

aconite (aˑ·k·nīt),

n 1. Latin names:
Aconitum napellus, Aconitum columbianum, Aconitum chinense, Aconitum carmichaeli; parts used: leaves, roots; uses: fever, arthritis, rheumatism, poor digestion; precautions: extremely toxic; cardiotoxic. Also called
blue rocket, bushi, friar's
cap, helmet flower, monkshood, soldier's cap, or
wolfsbane. 2. a homeopathic preparation of
Aconitum napellus, used to treat colds, inflammatory conditions, and fevers accompanied with anxiety and restlessness.

aconite

References in periodicals archive ?
IT might seem odd that the discreet little winter aconite and the showy peonies once belonged to the same plant family.
Yesterday it reported snowdrops are out and winter aconites are under the magnolia.
Thin out winter aconites while the plants are in active growth, digging up small clumps with roots and moving to a new site.
SUNNY SIDE: Make gardening fun * WINTER WONDER: Winter aconites a relative of the buttercup and give gardens a real lift at this time of year
With brilliant yellow flowers that are buttercup-like in appearance and fresh green leaves, Winter Aconites will flower from January to March.
As well as the thousands of snowdrops in Monk's Walk, winter aconites and other spring flowers could be seen.
WINTER aconites (Eranthis hyemalis), with its starry golden flowers, will brighten up your garden on even the dullest winter's day.
But the buttercup family, ranunculaceae, which includes anemones, aconites, aquilegia and clematis, are best sown when they are fresh.
Further south, Wiltshire Heale Gardens is also known for its annual drifts of snowdrops and aconites.
officinalis Icterina, a gold variegated type, keeps its fresh looking yellow leaves all year, particularly when grown in a sheltered spot, and makes a good background for early bulbs such as winter aconites.
Because of the lack of excessive foliage that you get with larger varieties, this delightful harbinger of spring fits well in a spring garden full of Hellebores, Snowdrops, Aconites, Pulmonarias, Anemones and other spring flowers without drowning any of the others out.
PLACES TO VISIT Feb 15-16, 22-23: Open Garden, Lacock Abbey Gardens, Chippenham, Wiltshire: A stunning array of snowdrops and winter aconites are among the features of this National Trust garden.