Acinetobacter spp

Acinetobacter spp

Bacteriology A widely distributed bacterium found in moist hospital environments, which may establish itself in the respiratory flora and on the skin of Pts with prolonged hospitalization, often via contaminated medical instruments–eg, catheters and IV lines which introduce Acinetobacter to normally sterile sites; infections are generally nosocomial, occur in warmer seasons and involve the GU tracts and respiratory tract, wounds, and soft tissues
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In Vietnam it has been reported that resistance to antibiotics for various Gram-negative rods, typically Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp., is particularly high and this is a major problem.
aeruginosa while in Acinetobacter spp., whereas MBLs prevalence was found to be 50% by Nasrin et al.
Among bacteria, the commonest Gram positive bacteria are Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae; commonest Gram-negative bacteria are Pseudomonas spp., Klebsiella spp., and Escherichia coli; and Gram variable Acinetobacter spp. are among the commonest nosocomial infections6.
Some authors recommend double-disk synergy test using two ceftazidime disks and a filter disk containing EDTA adjacent to one CAZ disk for detection of MBLs in Acinetobacter spp., Pseudomonas spp.
[21] Higher mortality rates are observed with Acinetobacter spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in VAP cases.
Acinetobacter spp, Klebsiella spp followed by Pseudomonas were the most common isolates identified.
The isolated organisms were coagulase negative Staphylococci 49.1%, MRSA 5.5%, MSSA 2.7%, E.coli 1.8%, Pseudomonas spp 1.8%, Acinetobacter spp 1.8%, Serratia spp 1.8% and Bacillus spp 0.9%.