acinar cell

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ac·i·nar cell

any secreting cell lining an acinus, applied especially to the cells of the pancreas that furnish pancreatic enzymes, to distinguish them from the cells of ducts and the pancreatic islets of Langerhans.
Synonym(s): acinous cell

acinar cell

[as′inər]
Etymology: L, acinus, grape
a cell of the tiny lobules of a compound gland or similar saclike structure, such as an alveolus.

ac·i·nar cell

(as'i-năr sel)
Any secreting cell lining an acinus, especially applied to the cells of the pancreas that furnish pancreatic juice and enzymes to distinguish them from the cells of ducts and the islets of Langerhans.
Synonym(s): acinous cell.

acinar cell

A cell present in the acinus of an acinous gland, e.g., of the pancreas.
See also: cell
References in periodicals archive ?
They confirmed experimentally in vivo and in vitro that decreasing pH (acidifying) increases the sensitivity of the acinar cells to zymogen activation.
DP-b99 interferes with several fundamental pathological processes relevant for pancreatitis such as inappropriate calcium-initiated intracellular activation of proteolytic enzymes in acinar cells and activation of trypsinogen to trypsin, which cause pancreatic tissue damage.
Acinar cells produce and store proteases, amylase and lipase, while ductal cells manufacture bicarbonate-rich fluid.
Advancements have been made in regards to identifying extracellular markers specific to pancreatic cell subtypes, consisting of monoclonal antibodies that recognize the surface of endocrine, alpha, duct and acinar cells.
Histopathologic examination of the infraorbital sinus (Fig 3) revealed a mass composed of polygonal cells with frequent arrangement into tubular and acinar cells, structures indicative of glandular differentiation.
The second study demonstrates that acinar cells, pancreatic cells that do not normally produce insulin, can be converted to functional beta cells, a potential new avenue for treating the disease.
Helpful distinguishing features include the characteristic monotony, the "salt-and-pepper" chromatin pattern of neuroendocrine tumors, and the lack of other cell lineages, such as acinar cells or squamid corpuscles, which are present in pancreatoblastoma.
For example, the islets of Langerhans, where the cells of the pancreas are produced, are far different from the acinar cells that make up the stomach.
Intracellular calcium diffusion are very common and have been reported in a large variety of cell types such as: cardiac Myocytes [1], neuron [2,14],astrocytes [3], hepatocytes [16], pancreatic acinar cells [10], Fibroblasts cell [13] etc.
2+] signaling in injury of isolated acinar cells and pancreatitis model in lipoprotein lipase deficient mice.
Banting thought that ligating the pancreatic ducts of the source animal would allow the acinar cells to degenerate; otherwise, pancreatic enzymes might digest the anti-diabetic substance if it was present in the pancreatic extract.