Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

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Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

a bacterial species isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bronchial washings, urine, pus, and wounds. The subspecies subsp. xylosoxidans colonizes patients with cystic fibrosis and entubated patients.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

An aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative gram-negative environmental bacillus which colonises moist areas in hospitals and the GI and respiratory tracts of patients with cystic fibrosis.
Mode of transmission Contaminated fluids (e.g., IV, haemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants).
Clinical findings Bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, wound infections, upper respiratory infections, occurring in immune compromised hosts, or in nosocomial outbreaks.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and in other health care associated infections in patients with immunosuppressing or malignant illnesses. Synonym: Achromobacter xylosoxidans
See also: Alcaligenes
References in periodicals archive ?
Cultures came back positive for heavy growth of a nonfermenter later identified as Achromobacter xylosoxidans, subspecies denitrificans.
A myringotomy was performed to release the right middle ear fluid collection which cultured positive for Achromobacter xylosoxidans that was resistant to gentamicin.
However, in 3 samples, CF pathogens were identified only by NGS16S (Tables 1 and 2): Streptococcus agalactiae (specimen CF2, 9.55% of corrected reads), Achromobacter xylosoxidans (specimen CF4, 10.26% of corrected reads), and Burkholderia cepacia complex (specimen CF15, 4.48% of corrected reads).
The microorganisms Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Pseudomonas aurantiaca , Salmonella typhi, Stenotroph maltophilia, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium were obtained from Children Hospital, Lahore, while Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Azospirillum lipoferum and Citrobacter freundii, were obtained from biotechnology laboratory, FC College, Lahore.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is the most common bacillus in clinical samples and is recognized as an emerging and multidrug-resistant microorganism that causes various opportunistic infections and nosocomial outbreaks (3,6).
Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were identified using Vitek-2 GN (gram-negative) identification cards (Vitek 2 System, Biomerieux, USA).
Inoculation of plant growth promoting bacterium Achromobacter xylosoxidans strain Ax10 for the improvement of copper phytoextraction by Brassica juncea.
2 (4) 0 Haemophillus influenzae 1 (2) 0 Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 1 (2) 1 (2) Klebsiella pneumoniae 0 1 (2) Tatumella ptyseos 0 1 (2) Achromobacter xylosoxidans 0 1 (2) Enterobacter cloacae 0 1 (2) Sphingobacterium multivorum 0 1 (2) Candida sp.
DNA from Pseudomonas stutzeri (ATCC 11607) served as a positive control for the amplification of the nirS amplicon while DNA from Achromobacter xylosoxidans (ATCC 15173) served as a positive control for the amplification of the nirK amplicon.
PGPR2 strain encoded a LysR family transcriptional regulator (909 bp; Genbank accession number ASQO01000026.1, regions 2019 : 1111), which showed maximum homology with a LysR family regulator from Achromobacter xylosoxidans (68% identity) in BlastP analysis.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans MG1 strain has also been reported for malachite green decolorization.
Strain AYS3 showed 100% similarity with Achromobacter xylosoxidans and found to be closely related to Achromobater denitrificans by phylogenetic analysis.