Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

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Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

a bacterial species isolated from blood, cerebrospinal fluid, bronchial washings, urine, pus, and wounds. The subspecies subsp. xylosoxidans colonizes patients with cystic fibrosis and entubated patients.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

An aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative gram-negative environmental bacillus which colonises moist areas in hospitals and the GI and respiratory tracts of patients with cystic fibrosis.
Mode of transmission Contaminated fluids (e.g., IV, haemodialysis, irrigation, disinfectants).
Clinical findings Bacteraemia, urinary tract infections, meningitis, wound infections, upper respiratory infections, occurring in immune compromised hosts, or in nosocomial outbreaks.

Alcaligenes xylosoxidans

A species that does not ferment glucose. It has been implicated rarely in lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis and in other health care associated infections in patients with immunosuppressing or malignant illnesses. Synonym: Achromobacter xylosoxidans
See also: Alcaligenes
References in periodicals archive ?
Park JH, Song NH, Koh JW Achromobacter xylosoxidans keratitis after contact lens usage.
Of the 6 initial case-patients, 4 had Achromobacter xylosoxidans UTIs and 2 had Ochrobactrum anthropi UTIs, all occurring after a TUPB.
Kumuthakalavalli, Biodegradation of Textile Dye by Using Achromobacter xylosoxidans GRIRKNM11 Isolated from Dye Polluted Site, J.
29,60% Klebsiella-Enterobacter-Serratia 11,10% Haemophilus influenzae 9,30% Escherichia coli 5,50% Acinetobacter baumannii 5,50% Burkholderia cepacia complex 5,50% Streptococcus pneumoniae 5,50% Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 5,50% Pseudomonas fluorescens 3,70% Achromobacter xylosoxidans 1,90% Streptococcus pyogenes 1,90% Normal microflora 3,70% Note: Table made from pie chart.
2 Achromobacter denitrificans 2 Achromobacter xylosoxidans 2 Acinetobacter baumannii 5 Acinetobacter lwoffii 1 Actinomyces israelii 1 Aeromonas hydrophila 1 Anaerobic diphtheroides 1 Anaerobic gram+ cocci 1 Bacillus sp.
Achromobacter xylosoxidans is a nonfermentative Gramnegative bacillus which is widely distributed in nature, especially in aquatic environments.
TMB-1 was reported in 2012 in an Achromobacter xylosoxidans isolate from a hospital in Tripoli, Libya (8); TMB-2 was later reported in Japan (9).
Unlike many cystic fibrosis patients, she did not have a history of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections, but Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Achromobacter xylosoxidans had been previously isolated from her sputum.