Achilles tendon

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Related to Achilles' tendon: Achilles tendinitis

Achilles tendon

 [ah-kil´ēz]
the strong tendon at the back of the heel that connects the calf muscles (triceps surae muscle) to the heel bone. The name is derived from the legend of the Greek hero Achilles, who was vulnerable only in one heel. Tapping this tendon normally produces the reflex called the Achilles or ankle jerk. Failure or exaggeration of this reflex indicates disease or injury to the nerves of the leg muscles or of a part of the spinal cord.

cal·ca·ne·al ten·don

[TA]
the thick tendon of insertion of the triceps surae (gastrocnemius and soleus) into the tuberosity of the calcaneus.

Achilles tendon

n.
The large tendon connecting the heel bone to the calf muscles of the leg.

Achilles tendon

The long common tendon of both venters of the calf muscles (gastrocnemius and soleus), which attaches them to the calcaneus bone; it is the strongest tendon in the body. The AT begins below the posterior calf and is attached distally at the midline at the posterior aspect of the calcaneus.
 
Conditions affecting Achilles tendon
Insertional tendinitis, rupture.

Achilles tendon

tendo calcaneo Anatomy The tendon that attaches the calf muscles to the calcaneous bone; the long common tendon of both venters–bellies of the calf muscles—gastrocnemius and soleus, which is the strongest tendon in the body; the AT begins below the posterior calf and is attached distally at the midline at the posterior aspect of the calcaneus Conditions affecting Insertional tendinitis, rupture

ten·do cal·ca·ne·us

(ten'dō kal-kā'nē-ŭs) [TA]
The tendon of insertion of the triceps surae (gastrocnemius and soleus) into the tuberosity of the calcaneus.
Synonym(s): Achilles tendon, heel tendon.

Achilles tendon

The prominent tendon just above the heel by means of which the powerful muscles of the calf are attached to the large heel bone. Contraction of the prominent calf muscles pulls the Achilles tendon upwards so that the ankle is straightened and the heel leaves the ground. The Achilles tendon is essential in walking and running and is easily strained or torn. (Named after Achilles, son of Peleus and Thetis, who, as a baby, was said to have been held by his heel and dipped in the river Styx by his mother to make him invulnerable. He died from a heel wound).

Achilles,

mythical Greek warrior who was vulnerable only in the heel.
Achilles bursa - bursa between the tendo calcaneus and the upper part of the posterior surface of the calcaneum. Synonym(s): bursa of tendo calcaneus
Achilles reflex - a contraction of the calf muscles when the tendo calcaneus is sharply struck. Synonym(s): ankle jerk; ankle reflex; tendo Achillis reflex; triceps surae reflex
Achilles tendon - the tendon of insertion of the triceps surae (gastrocnemius and soleus) into the tuberosity of the calcaneus. Synonym(s): tendo calcaneus
References in periodicals archive ?
" By thickening and stiffening, the Achilles' tendon compensates for the shortened muscle fibres in the calf muscle, allowing the fashion addicts' calf muscles to function optimally as they walk, but causing discomfort when walking on flat feet because the tendon cannot stretch sufficiently," explained Narici.
Resection (removal) of the bony prominence on the heel can be performed by going through or around the Achilles' tendon. A portion of the Achilles' tendon may need to be resected and is re-attached upon completion of the bone procedure.
"There are simply no data that benefits of injection of an Achilles' tendon last any longer than 12 weeks," he said.