Acetobacter

(redirected from Acetobacter xylinum)
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Acetobacter

A genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile bacteria that oxidise ethanol to acetic acid.
Habitat Acetobacter spp are found on fruits and vegetables, and in souring juices. There are no reports in the literature suggesting that Acetobacter aceti is pathogenic in humans or animals. While Acetobacter spp are used commercially to produce vinegar, and to acidify some ales, they can destroy fermenting wine.

Acetobacter

(ă-sēt″ō-bak′tĕr) [L. acetum, vinegar, + Gr. bakterion, little rod]
A genus of gram-negative bacilli that produce vinegar from plant matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anbazhagan, "Green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles employing levan, a biopolymer from Acetobacter xylinum NCIM 2526, as a reducing agent and capping agent," Carbohydrate Polymers, vol.
The present observation gains support from the findings of Gayathri and Gopalaswamy (2) who have reported that Acetobacter xylinum produced 11g/L bacterial cellulose in HS medium after 14 daysof fermentation period.
Van Den Heuvel, "Location and limitation of cellulose production by Acetobacter xylinum established from oxygen profiles," Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, vol.
Los productores mas eficientes son las bacterias Gram-Negativas del genero Acetobacter, Acetobacter xylinum (reclasificadas como Gluconoacetobacter xylinus), que se usan como microorganismos modelo en los estudios basicos y aplicados sobre este producto.
Algunas cepas de los generos de Achromobacter, Agrobacterium, Gluconacetobacter, Rhizobium y Sarcina, representan una alternativa potencial a la celulosa de origen vegetal; pero, la produccion de celulosa bacteriana (BC) ha sido ampliamente estudiada desde los aspectos bioquimicos y geneticos (1-3) en la bacteria Gram-negativa aerobica Gluconacetobacter xylinus (anteriormente Acetobacter xylinum).
Studies on fermentation of Monascus purpureus TISTR 3090 with bacterial cellulose from Acetobacter xylinum TISTR 967.
Produced by a bacterium known as Acetobacter xylinum, the cellulose is strong enough to cope with blood pressure and works well with the body's own tissue.
Cellulose synthesized by the aerobic bacterium Acetobacter xylinum has been useful as a model system for studying of microbial cellulose utilization.
Merriam-Webster's medical dictionary describes it as, "a gelatinous mass of symbiotic bacteria (as Acetobacter xylinum) and yeasts (as of the genera Brettanomyces and Saccharomyces) grown to produce a fermented beverage held to confer health benefits; also: the beverage prepared by fermenting Kombucha with black tea and sugar." These active ingredients are what make this specialized drink known and more or less used for improving the state of the human body.
Bacterial cellulose (BC) produced by Acetobacter xylinum has the same composition but has unique properties compared with cellulose from plants and can be considered superior on many accounts.
[82] also produced BC with ultrafine network architecture and 8-40 nm crystalline microfibrils in diameter by Acetobacter xylinum and bacterial CNCs by sulfuric acid hydrolysis followed by the oxidation of hydrogen peroxide for their applications in the stabilization of olive oil Pickering emulsion.