Acetobacter


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Acetobacter

A genus of rod-shaped, flagellated or nonmotile bacteria that oxidise ethanol to acetic acid.
Habitat Acetobacter spp are found on fruits and vegetables, and in souring juices. There are no reports in the literature suggesting that Acetobacter aceti is pathogenic in humans or animals. While Acetobacter spp are used commercially to produce vinegar, and to acidify some ales, they can destroy fermenting wine.

Acetobacter

(ă-sēt″ō-bak′tĕr) [L. acetum, vinegar, + Gr. bakterion, little rod]
A genus of gram-negative bacilli that produce vinegar from plant matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gouby et al., Acetobacter cibinongensis Bacteremia in Human, 10 EMERGING INFECTIOUS DISEASES 784, 784 (2007), available at http://www.cdc.gov/eid/content/13/5/pdfs/784.pdf.
Li RP, Macrae IC (1991) Specific association of diazotrophic acetobacters with sugarcane.
After fermentation we suppress the activity of acetobacter by either storing the wine at a temperature below 45[degrees]F or by maintaining in the wine a level of sulfur dioxide that inhibits further yeast activity.
Anbazhagan, "Green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles employing levan, a biopolymer from Acetobacter xylinum NCIM 2526, as a reducing agent and capping agent," Carbohydrate Polymers, vol.
casei; bacterias aceticas como Acetobacter lovaniensis e leveduras como Kluyveromyces lactis, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Lachancea meyersii.
Decolorization and Biodegradation of N, N-Dimethyl-p phenylenediamine by Klebsiella pneumoniae RS-13 and Acetobacter liquefaciens S-1.
Total number of Scaffold or genome ORF's predicted in length (bp) with scaffold of Name of organism accession number complete genome Acaryochloris marina NC_009925 152 MBIC11017 (6503724 bp) Acetobacter pasteurianus AP011157 120 IFO 3283-32 (191443 bp) Achromobacter NC_014640 406 xylosoxidans (7013095 bp) A8 Acidovorax avenae avenae NC_015138 188 ATCC 19860 (5482170 bp) Acidothermus cellulolyticus NC_008578 403 11B (2443540 bp) Acidaminococcus NC_013740 293 fermentans (2329769 bp) VR4 Alcanivorax dieselolei CP003466 343 B5 (4928223 bp) Arthrobacter aurescens NC_008711 385 TC1 (4597686 bp) Azorhizobium caulinodans NC_009937 262 ORS571 (5369772 bp) Azospirillum sp.
To the Editor: Acetobacter indonesiensis, first described in 2000 (1), belongs to the group of acetic acid bacteria (AAB), which includes the genera Acetobacter, Gluconobacter, Asaia, Granulibacter, and others in the family Acetobacteriaceae.
A common problem of fermentations on the East Coast is that grapes have high levels of Acetobacter and other organisms that may produce volatile acidity (VA).
Several well-known EPS are synthesized from bacteria such as succinoglycan from Rhizobium sp., gellan gum from Sphingomonas paucimobilis, xanthan gum fromXanthomonas camperstiris, alginate from Pseudomonas sp., hyaluronic acid from Streptococcus equii and Natto cellulose from Acetobacter xylinium [6].
These bacteria are of beneficial agricultural importance and belong to the genera Acetobacter, Acinetobacter, Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, Azoarcus, Azospirillum, Azotobacter, Bacillus, Beijerinckia, Burkholderia, Derxia, Enterobacter, Gluconacetobacter, Klebsiella, Ochrobactrum, Pseudomonas, Rhodococcus, Serratia, Zoogloea, etc (Singh et al., 2011).
Por su lado, la acidez volatil puede ser debida a la presencia de acido acetico presente en el caldo y producido, por ejemplo, por bacterias del genero Acetobacter (Alcarde, 2002).