esotropia

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esotropia

 [es″o-tro´pe-ah]
strabismus in which there is manifest deviation of the visual axis of one eye toward that of the other eye, resulting in diplopia; called also cross-eye and convergent strabismus. adj., adj esotrop´ic.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă),
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

(ĕs′ə-trō′pē-ə)
n.
A form of strabismus in which one or both of the eyes deviate inward. Also called crossed eyes, cross-eye.

es′o·trop′ic (-trŏp′ĭk, -trō′pĭk) adj.

strabismus

Nonparallel positioning or movement of the eyes—usually of the vertical axis—due to decreased binocular muscle coordination with loss of stereoscopic vision and inability to focus simultaneously on a single point.
 
Aetiology
Extraocular muscle defects, neurotoxins, blindness, mechanical defects, unilateral vision obstruction in childhood, various brain disorders or systemic diseases, amblyopia, paralytic shellfish poisoning, botulism, haemangioma near eye, Guillain-Barré syndrome, Apert syndrome, Noonan syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, trisomy 18, congenital rubella, incontinentia pigmenti, cerebral palsy, Laurence-Moon-Biedl syndrome, pseudohyperparathyroidism.

esotropia

Convergent strabismus Ophthalmology Strabismus characterized by a convergence of the visual axes. See Strabismus.

es·o·tro·pi·a

(es'ō-trō'pē-ă)
The form of strabismus in which the visual axes converge; may be paralytic or concomitant, monocular or alternating, accommodative or nonaccommodative.
Synonym(s): convergent strabismus.
[G. esō, inward, + tropē, turn]

esotropia

Convergent squint, or STRABISMUS. Only one eye looks directly at the object of regard, the other being turned inwards. Esotropia in children calls for urgent treatment to avoid amblyopia. Compare EXOTROPIA.

esotropia

A synonym for convergent strabismus. See accommodative strabismus; convergent strabismus.
blind spot esotropia See Swann's syndrome.
consecutive esotropia See consecutive strabismus.
infantile esotropia See infantile strabismus.
non-accommodative acquired esotropia See non-accommodative acquired strabismus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The accommodative element in accommodative esotropia. Am J Ophthalmol.
Birch EE, Wang J Stereoacuity outcomes following treatment of infantile and accommodative esotropia. Optom Vis Sci.
Risk factors for abnormal binocular vision after successful alignment of accommodative esotropia. JAAPOS.
Hyperopic corneal refractive surgery in patients with accommodative esotropia and amblyopia.
A data-driven approach to the management of accommodative esotropia. Am J Ophthalmology.
Outcome in refractive accommodative esotropia. Br J Opthalmol.
Treatment outcomes in refractive accommodative esotropia. JAAPOS.
Longitudinal changes in the spherical equivalent refractive error of children with accommodative esotropia. Br J Opthalmol.
Binocularity in refractive accommodative esotropia. J Pediatr Opthalmol Strabismus.
The long-term follow-up of accommodative esotropia in a population based-cohort of children.
Photorefractive keratectomy for the treatment of purely refractive accommodative esotropia: Six years experience.
However, not all patients with an accommodative esotropia achieve binocular single vision despite wearing their full refractive correction, as there can be a partially accommodative element.