mimivirus

(redirected from Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus)
Also found in: Dictionary.

mimivirus

(mĭm′ĭ-vī′rəs)
n. pl. mimivi·ruses
Any of a genus of double-stranded DNA viruses that are the largest of all known viruses.

mimivirus

(mĭ′mĭ-vī″rŭs) [Fr. mimi(c) + ″]
A massive double-stranded DNA virus, first identified in an ameba in 2003, so large that it appears to be a bacterium when seen under light microscopy. It has been identified in some patients with pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Specific recognition of the major capsid protein of Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus by sera of patients infected by Francisella tularensis.
Is Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus an emerging causative agent of pneumonia?
Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus (APM), named for its ameba host and bacteria-mimicking characteristics, is a double-stranded DNA virus with the largest viral genome described to date (1.2 Mb) (2).
(1) Dare et al., Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus real-time PCR assays, was presented at the 23rd Annual Clinical Virology Symposium, Apr 29-May 2, 2007, in Clearwater Beach, Florida, USA.
To elucidate the role of ameba-associated microorganisms (AAMs) as etiologic agents of pneumonia, we screened for Legionella spp., Parachlamydia acanthamoeba, Afipia sp., Bosea spp., Bradyrhizobium spp., Mesorhizobium amorphae, Rasbo bacterium, Azorhizobium caulinodans, Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus, and conventional microorganisms in 210 pneumonia patients in intensive-care units by using culture, polymerase chain reaction, and serologic testing.
There is also a growing concern that water-associated microorganisms, for example, Legionella spp., Afipia spp., Bosea spp., Bradyrhizobium spp., Mesorhizobium spp., Rasbo bacterium, Parachlamydia spp., and Acanthamoeba polyphaga mimivirus, may be associated with amebas (11-13).