peer review

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peer review

 
1. a basic component of a quality assurance program in which the results of health care given to a specific patient population are evaluated according to health-wellness outcome criteria established by peers of the professionals delivering the care. Peer review is focused on the patient and on the results of care given by a group of professionals rather than on individual professional practitioners. Review by peer groups is promoted by professional organizations as a means of maintaining standards of care. Retrospective review critically evaluates the results of work that has been completed; it is done for purposes of improving future practice. The source of data is medical records which document the full continuum of care provided and each patient's response to that care. Concurrent review takes place at the time the care is being given. It critically examines each patient's progress toward desired health-wellness outcomes. Sources of data for concurrent review are the patient's record and interview, observation, and inspection of the patient. A major advantage of concurrent review is that it provides the opportunity to improve care so that patients benefit from the review and recommended changes in ongoing care.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as the systematic evaluation of a peer's performance compared with professional standards of practice.
3. Evaluation of a manuscript or research proposal by professional colleagues.

peer re·view

(pēr rē-vyū'),
Process of evaluating research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, and abstracts submitted for presentation at a scientific meeting, whereby these are judged for technical and scientific merit by other scientists in the same field.

peer review

The objective evaluation of the quality of a physician's or a scientist's performance by colleagues Medtalk The evaluation of a practitioner's professional performance, including identification of opportunities for improving the quality, necessity, and appropriateness–suitability of care; peer review organizations–PROs in the US contract with the CMS, formerly HCFA. See Peer-reviewed journal, Peer review organization.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.

peer re·view

(pēr rĕ-vyū')
Assessment of research proposals, manuscripts submitted for publication, or a physician's clinical practice by other physicians or scientists in the same field.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Department of Health spokeswoman said: "These changes follow an independent academic review, which was commissioned under the previous government.
"We shall be seeking clarification as our building of the Great North Children's Hospital comes into full use.'' A Department of Health spokesperson said: "These changes follow an independent academic review, which was started by the previous Government.
In a full blind academic review process comments will be sent back to the author for reconsideration and resubmission prior to publication.
'What we found when we carried out a slightly academic review was that there was doubt about the landscape quality in that section.
The authors also explain how to write and prepare ergonomics reports and theses for professional and academic review.
The tensions that exist, not just between literary criticism and performance, but also between different kinds of publications requiring different styles and having different purposes for reviewing become more apparent when considering the academic review. In her work on Shakespeare and Feminist Performance, Sarah Werner asks: Why does my reading of Edwards' Shrew differ so fundamentally from those of the [newspaper] reviewers?
Plans to save cash include a wide-ranging academic review; efficiency improvements, energy and resource management to drive down costs, and a new procurement strategy.
One thing is clear: Future editions of this book should consider separating personal belief from academic review and limiting the scope of the text to talented children and teens.
Talent Identification and Development: An Academic Review (A report for Sportscotland by the University of Edinburgh).
My inductive survey indicates that the academic review, especially in its focus on coherent interpretive design, continues to be governed implicitly by literary critical premises and perspectives, and is still tinged by the notion that the end of performance is to illuminate and refine readings of Shakespeare's plays.
However, a recent academic review conducted by the University of Minnesota School of Public Health concluded that food as a whole is the key to a healthy diet.
The report is a discussion paper, not one that has been published after rigorous academic review. It raises important questions about the balance in Wales between the contributions of universities, public sector laboratories, and government, and rightly argues that one cannot expect the universities alone to work economic miracles.

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