acacia

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a·ca·ci·a

(ă-kā'shē-ă),
The dried gummy exudation from Acacia senegal and other species of Acacia (family Leguminosae), prepared as a mucilage and syrup; used as an emollient, demulcent excipient, and suspending agent in pharmaceuticals and foods; formerly used as a transfusion fluid.
Synonym(s): gum arabic
[G. akakia]

A·ca·ci·a

(ă-kā'shē-ă)
1. A tree or shrub with distribution in arid geographic regions.
2. Gum arabic, the dried gummy exudation from Acacia senegal and other species of Acacia (family Leguminosae), prepared as a mucilage and syrup; used as an emollient, demulcent, excipient, and suspending agent in pharmaceuticals and foods; formerly used as a transfusion fluid.
Synonym(s): gum arabic.
[G. akakia]

acacia

(ă-kā′shē-ă) [L. fr. Gr. akakia, Egyptian thorn]
Gum arabic. A dried gummy exudation from the tree Acacia senegal, it is used as a suspending agent in pharmaceutical products.

Acacia

a large genus of trees and shrubs of warm, dry regions, belonging to the legume family Mimosaceae, which provides valuable browse for grazing ruminants but also contains some poisonous plants.
Acacia spp. capable of causing cyanide poisoning: A. binerva (A. glaucescens), A. burrowii, A. caffra, A. cheelii (motherumbah), A. concurrens (A. cunninghamii), A. crassa (A. cunninghamii), A. cunninghamii (black wattle), A. erioloba (camel thorn), A. glaucescens (sally wattle), A. gregii (catclaw), A. lasiopetala (A. sieberana), A. leiocalyx (A. melanoxylon), A. longifolia, A. longispicata (A. cunninghamii), A. osswaldii, A. sieberana.

Acacia aneura
see lipofuscinosis. Called also mulga.
Acacia berlandieri
contains tyramine which causes ataxia in sheep and goats. Called also guajillo.
Acacia cana
can accumulate selenium if the soil selenium content is unusually large.
Acacia catechu
cyanogenic plant. See catechu.
Acacia erioloba
host plant of Gonometa spp. (molopo moth); the moth larva produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes rumen impaction; a South African phenomenon.
Acacia georginae
has a high concentration of fluoroacetate and can cause sudden death. Called also Georgina gidgee or Georgina gidyea.
Acacia melanoxylon
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes ataxia, recumbency, alimentary tract irritation.
Acacia mellifera
host plant for Gonometa spp. (molopo moth), the larva of which produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes ruminal impaction.
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
pods contain toxins which cause hemolysis, methemoglobinemia and diarrhea.
Acacia salicina
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes incoordination, recumbency.

acacia

the dried exudate from Acacia senegal and other Acacia species of African origin, used as an emulsifier, stabilizer and suspending agent. Called also gum arabic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Jibrell started campaigning to rescue the primeval forests of acacia trees in northeastern Somalia in 1991"
Eng Al Hammadi said the largest seizure in three years made last year was of 69 acacia trees.
If giraffes did not have this adaptation, they would not be able to eat acacia tree leaves.
Washington, August 25 (ANI): In a new research, scientists have said that a type of acacia tree with an unusual growth habit, which is unlike virtually all other trees, holds particular promise for farmers in Africa as a free source of nitrogen for their soils that could last generations.
The Tree Shelter, a stone formation, is not under trees neither does it shelter trees, but an acacia tree is visible from it, down past where the short wadi it overlooks drains into the Wadi Sodmein.
President Omar al-Bashir issued a decree ending the monopoly rights held by the Gum Arabic Company to buy the raw resin drawn by farmers from certain types of acacia tree, mainly grown in the Kordofan and Darfur regions.
The population of Sumatran tigers has suffered severely from poaching and a rapid decline in forest area due to its conversion into other uses such as oil palm groves and fast-growing acacia tree plantations for the pulp and paper industry.
The arrangement suggests an anemone or the spines of an acacia tree, and the implied malevolence is delicious.
A golden acacia tree has been planted to mark five decades of a city bowling club.
On a sunny Wednesday afternoon in Kisamis, a small rural village sixty kilometers north of Kenya's capital Nairobi, Gladys Wanja is teaching a class of forty- three primary school pupils under an acacia tree.
To make matters worse, shortly after the adoption Mi-sook finds herself pregnant with their first child, all of this while the little boy develops an unusual attachment to a dying acacia tree on the family's backyard.
In years to come, the seat will be in the shade of a golden acacia tree, planted by the Winter family with the inscription `Freddie 1926-2004.