acacia

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a·ca·ci·a

(ă-kā'shē-ă),
The dried gummy exudation from Acacia senegal and other species of Acacia (family Leguminosae), prepared as a mucilage and syrup; used as an emollient, demulcent excipient, and suspending agent in pharmaceuticals and foods; formerly used as a transfusion fluid.
Synonym(s): gum arabic
[G. akakia]

A·ca·ci·a

(ă-kā'shē-ă)
1. A tree or shrub with distribution in arid geographic regions.
2. Gum arabic, the dried gummy exudation from Acacia senegal and other species of Acacia (family Leguminosae), prepared as a mucilage and syrup; used as an emollient, demulcent, excipient, and suspending agent in pharmaceuticals and foods; formerly used as a transfusion fluid.
Synonym(s): gum arabic.
[G. akakia]

acacia

(ă-kā′shē-ă) [L. fr. Gr. akakia, Egyptian thorn]
Gum arabic. A dried gummy exudation from the tree Acacia senegal, it is used as a suspending agent in pharmaceutical products.

Acacia

a large genus of trees and shrubs of warm, dry regions, belonging to the legume family Mimosaceae, which provides valuable browse for grazing ruminants but also contains some poisonous plants.
Acacia spp. capable of causing cyanide poisoning: A. binerva (A. glaucescens), A. burrowii, A. caffra, A. cheelii (motherumbah), A. concurrens (A. cunninghamii), A. crassa (A. cunninghamii), A. cunninghamii (black wattle), A. erioloba (camel thorn), A. glaucescens (sally wattle), A. gregii (catclaw), A. lasiopetala (A. sieberana), A. leiocalyx (A. melanoxylon), A. longifolia, A. longispicata (A. cunninghamii), A. osswaldii, A. sieberana.

Acacia aneura
see lipofuscinosis. Called also mulga.
Acacia berlandieri
contains tyramine which causes ataxia in sheep and goats. Called also guajillo.
Acacia cana
can accumulate selenium if the soil selenium content is unusually large.
Acacia catechu
cyanogenic plant. See catechu.
Acacia erioloba
host plant of Gonometa spp. (molopo moth); the moth larva produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes rumen impaction; a South African phenomenon.
Acacia georginae
has a high concentration of fluoroacetate and can cause sudden death. Called also Georgina gidgee or Georgina gidyea.
Acacia melanoxylon
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes ataxia, recumbency, alimentary tract irritation.
Acacia mellifera
host plant for Gonometa spp. (molopo moth), the larva of which produces indigestible silk in its cocoon; causes ruminal impaction.
Acacia nilotica subsp. kraussiana
pods contain toxins which cause hemolysis, methemoglobinemia and diarrhea.
Acacia salicina
contains toxic tannins; rarely causes incoordination, recumbency.

acacia

the dried exudate from Acacia senegal and other Acacia species of African origin, used as an emulsifier, stabilizer and suspending agent. Called also gum arabic.
References in periodicals archive ?
El proceso de restauracion ecologica adelantado por el Jardin Botanico Jose Celestino Mutis, consistio en la estabilizacion superficial del terreno mediante trinchos, para evitar el proceso erosivo continuo y la perdida de nutrientes, poda al tercio bajo no superior al 30% del follaje, eliminacion total de individuos juveniles de Acacia decurrens y Acacia melanoxylon, corte y eliminacion de los individuos de Ulex europaeus ademas de, remocion de la capa de hojarasca en las areas reforestadas con acacias.
El area intervenida 1, presenta una pendiente entre 10[grados] y 15[grados] de inclinacion, con una cobertura arborea del 10% compuesta por Acacia melanoxylon, matorrales de especies nativas y frentes de avance de matorrales de Ulex europaeus en los alrededores.
El area intervenida 2, es un terreno con una inclinacion menor a 10[grados], con una cobertura arbustiva y arborea del 40% compuesta por Acacia decurrens, Acacia melanoxylon, Quercus humboldtii, Pittosporum undulatum, Miconia squamulosa y Duranta mutissi.
La evaluacion de la regeneracion de Acacia decurrens, Acacia melanoxylon y Ulex europaeus en cada area se realizo trimestralmente durante 18 meses, seleccionando por area una parcela permanente de 10 x 10 m (100 [m.
Los individuos de Acacia melanoxylon presentaron baja frecuencia y cobertura durante el tiempo de evaluacion, inferiores al 10%.
La regeneracion se presenta en areas de claro donde aumenta el acceso de luz directa sobre el suelo activando el banco de semillas y el desarrollo de plantulas, que pueden ser inhibidas por la cobertura de las especies arboreas (Munoz, 2009), la vegetacion herbacea y la rapida regeneracion de los individuos de Acacia decurrens y Acacia melanoxylon.
Others include Acacia koala, Acacia famesiana, Acacia con fusa, Acacia mearnsii, Acacia melanoxylon and Acacia auriculiformis.