Some have even suggested that absolute liability
might apply beyond
Comparing Strict Absolute Liability
to Absolute Liability
with a Due-Diligence Defense.
The majority found that Giant Eagle had an absolute liability
to pay the reward discounts.
The convention imposes absolute liability
, which refers to "a liability system without any defense or exclusion." The Space Liability Convention refers to the concept of "launching States," as defined in Article 1(c): "(i) [A] state which launches or procures the launching of a space object; (ii) a State from whose territory or facility a space object is launched." (141) The term "launching" also includes attempted launching.
"a self-executing statute which, containing its own specific safety measures, does not defer to the rule-making authority of the [Industrial Board of Appeals]." Thus, a violation of section 240(1) or the first five subdivisions of section 241 creates absolute liability
. (30) Moreover, "the failure to provide any protective devices for workers at the worksite establishes an owner or contractor's liability as a matter of law." (31) According to the Court of Appeals, Labor Law section 240(1) is
It suggests imputing absolute liability
to corporate officers, relative to their degree of knowledge and control, by way of class-based administrative monetary penalties on the basis that such penalties would align the costs of liability with those best-positioned to avoid it, and thereby realign corporate incentives.
As early as page 6, Hensley claims that 'in 1969 the Holyoake Government had banned such visits [by nuclear powered vessels] pending US acceptance of absolute liability
in the case of an accident.' This is incorrect.
A The motoring offence of using a motor vehicle without a vehicle excise licence is an offence of absolute liability
, punishable by way of a fine.
Marie pointed out that treating all these public welfare offences with the same absolute liability
served to punish the innocent and add nothing to deterrence.
The alternative charge was absolute liability
, in which case the defendant was denied any defence whatsoever.
This article argues that attempts to better protect children and young people from sexual abuse and exploitation have resulted in the over-criminalisation of sexual behaviour between young people and the creation of absolute liability
offences that have the potential for grave injustice.
Bhushan said the principle of absolute liability
and the polluter pays principle formulated by the SC did not recognise any limit to liability.