Abiotrophia


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Ab·i·o·tro·phi·a

(ā'bī-ō-trō'fē-a)
A bacterial genus originally referred to as "nutritionally variant or nutritionally deficient" streptococci, associated with various infections, particularly subacute bacterial endocarditis.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the basis of later research, these were placed in a new genus Abiotrophia (Greek a, "un-," + bios, "life," + trophe, "nutrition") as A.
Brain abscesses caused by Abiotrophia defectiva: complication of immunosuppressive therapy in a patient with connective-tissue disease.
Abiotrophia defectiva, a variant of streptococci, was first identified approximately five decades ago.
Setting of acquisition Microorganism Community- Nosocomial acquired N (%) N (%) Gram-positive Abiotrophia species 1 (100) 0 Enterococcus faecalis 5 (71.4) 2 (28.6) Enterococcus gallinarum 1 (100) 0 Gemella haemolysans 1 (100) 0 Leuconostoc species 1 (100) 0 Listeria monocytogenes 0 3 (100) Staphylococcus aureus 0 1 (100) Staphylococcus capitis 2 (100) 0 Staphylococcus epidermidis 14 (87.5) 2 (12.5) Staphylococcus haemolyticus 2 (100) 0 Streptococcus agalactiae 0 3 (100) Streptococcus bovis II 0 1 (100) Streptococcus intermedius 0 1 (100) Streptococcus milleri 0 1 (100) Streptococcus mitis 0 1 (100) Streptococcus pneumoniae 0 19 (100) Streptococcus salivarius 0 1 (100) Gram-negative Acinetobacter baumannii 8 (100) 0 Acinetobacter lwoffii 2 (66.7) 1 (33,3) Brucella spp.
Lau et al., "Granulicatella adiacens and Abiotrophia defectiva bacteraemia characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing," Journal of Medical Microbiology, vol.
Tambien es importante nombrar algunas especies bacterianas compatibles con estados de salud como Streptococcus parasanguinis, Abiotrophia defectiva, Gemella haemolysans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus cristatus y Streptococcus sanguinis (6).
Classification of streptococcal species has changed over time; in the 1980s some species moved to new genera Lactococcus and Enterococcus) and more new genera were established Abiotrophia, Granulicatella, Dolosicoccus, Facklamia, Globicatella, and Ignavigranum).