An extended resection was required ifthere was evidence of extraluminal extension into adjacent abdominal viscera
to achieve a clear resection margin.
Left side diaphragmatic defect (lower arrow); abdominal viscera
in the left hemithorax (upper arrow).
The defect causes abdominal viscera
to herniate into the amniotic fluid.
Initially there was lot of criticism regarding use of intra peritoneal prolene mesh due to risk of adhesion with abdominal viscera
. But now literature is avalible to support onlay technique with omental interposition between mesh and the bowel.
Situs inversus is a complete mirror image location of the thoracic and abdominal viscera
, in which the positions of major visceral organs are reversed.
However, we are unaware of any reports on the effects of laparoscopic light sources on abdominal viscera
Here's an easy way to describe inhalation: The abdominal muscles relax, which allows the abdominal viscera
to be displaced, which allows for the contraction of the diaphragm, which creates an air pressure differential between the lungs and the outside air, and the air is sucked into the lungs.
Many minimally invasive surgeons saw it as a bridge to an experimental approach called natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), which uses natural orifices for access to the abdominal viscera
and which might, they believed, represent the ultimate approach to minimally invasive surgery.
(9,10) The article, entitled "On a Method of Post-Mortem Examination of the Thoracic and Abdominal Viscera
Through Vagina, Perineum, and Rectum, and Without Incision of the Abdominal Parietes," describes 3 methods, each with a brief case report: (1) a per-vagina autopsy of a 22-year-old woman with extreme anasarca; (2) a per-rectum autopsy of a 20-year-old man with pericarditis, consolidation of both lungs, and a large pleuritic effusion; and (3) a per-perineum autopsy in a 32-year-old man with a right apex pneumonia (nota bene [nb; note well], this approach actually required an external incision hidden by the scrotum).
In Chapter 2, readers learn the mechanics of the pelvic girdle, the differences between male and female versions of this structure and its part in housing abdominal viscera
. Pelvic nutations, cavities, the pelvic wall, the male and female perineum, and the physiology of labour, defecation, micturition and erection also form the discussion in this chapter.
The chakra associated with the abdomen is the third chakra, or "solar plexus," which is defined as a large network of sympathetic nerves and ganglia located in the cavity behind the stomach, branching out to the abdominal viscera
. In many cultures and practices, it's believed that in this area we hold emotional tension, stress, shame and trauma.