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harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force. Called also trauma and wound.
brain injury impairment of structure or function of the brain, usually as a result of a trauma.
deceleration injury a mechanism of motion injury in which the body is forcibly stopped but the contents of the body cavities remain in motion due to inertia; the brain is particularly vulnerable to such trauma.
head injury see head injury.
risk for injury a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as the state in which a person is at risk for injury as a result of environmental conditions interacting with the individual's adaptive and defensive resources. Any pathophysiological condition such as altered level of consciousness, impaired sensory perception, tissue hypoxia, and pain or fatigue can contribute to or be the cause of personal injury. Age-related factors include infancy and early childhood, advanced age, and the 20- to 29-year age group in which accidents and harmful lifestyles are major causes of illness and death.
risk for perioperative-positioning injury a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as being at risk for injury as a result of the environmental conditions found in the perioperative setting.
ventilator-induced injury injury to the lung secondary to ventilator treatment, the result of excessive airway pressures, maldistribution of tidal volume, or high oxygen concentrations. See also barotrauma.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


1. The damage or wound of trauma.
2. Lesion (q.v.).
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


1. Damage, harm, or loss, as from trauma.
2. A particular form of hurt, damage, or loss.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Medtalk Trauma, wound, hurt. See Acceleration-deceleration injury, Acute spinal injury, Anterior cruciate ligament injury, Arachnic injury, Bite-mark injury, Blunt injury, Boot-induced anterior cruciate ligament injury, Brachial plexus injury, Chemical injury, Chemical eye injury, Closed fist injury, Cold injury, Corrosive injury, Deceleration injury, Degloving injury, Diffuse axonal injury, Diffuse ischemic injury, Golfing injury, Grade I injury, Grade II injury, Grade III injury, Hamstring injury, In-line skating injury, Lateral collateral ligament injury, Lye injury, Mass injury, Medial collateral ligament injury, Mild traumatic brain injury, Needle-stick injury, Overuse injury, Parachute-related injury, Patterned injury, Perversion injury, Phantom foot anterior cruciate ligament injury, Reperfusion injury, Repetitive motion injury, Reversible injury, SCIWORA, Sharp injury, Sliding injury, Spinal cord injury, Splash injury, Sports injury, Thoracic inlet injury, Transfusion-related acute lung injury, Trauma, Ventilator-induced lung injury, Violence-related injury, Weapons-related injury, Whiplash injury, Wound, Wringer injury Public health ±60 million people are injured, US/yr; total cost, ±$200 billion; direct costs account for 29%; in 1994, 151, 000 US deaths were due to injuries, > 1⁄3 due to MVAs. See Burns, Drowning, Falls, Firearms, Hip fractures, Motor vehicle accidents, Poisoning.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Damage, harm, or loss, to a person particularly as the result of external force.
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


Any permanent or semi-permanent disturbance of structure or function of any part of the body caused by an external agency. Such agency may be mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical or radiational. The term may also be applied to damage caused by infecting organisms or to psychological trauma.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


sulcus, subtarsal.


The act of washing or cleansing a cavity or a surface with a stream of water or other solution (e.g. physiological saline) as in chemical or thermal burns or other superficial injuries to the eye, or to dislodge small foreign bodies on the cornea or in the conjunctival sac. See corneal abrasion; lid eversion.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann


Damage, harm, or loss, to a person.
[L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about injury

Q. How do I avoid Sport injuries? I started climbing recently and going to the gym 3 times a week.

A. I had the same question, so I dug up a little bit through the web and found this wonderful site with a lot of tips + videos about “how to avoid sport injuries :
bookmark it!

Q. How can I avoid sport injuries? I started training In a gym near my house, I run 3k every other day and lifting weights. I’ve been having a slight pain in my knees the past 3 times. How can I avoid it?

A. A good idea is never miss a warm up:
another good idea- don’t stress it up, if you feel pain- don’t ignore it just like you won’t ignore a fire alarm.
Talk to a certified trainer and build a work out plan. Don’t just start running and lifting weights.
It’s very good you started exercising, you just have to do it safely.

Q. How long after an injury does it take for the symptoms to develop? I read in an article that traumatic muscle injuries can take up to four months to heal. In the case of post-traumatic fibromyalgia, how long after an injury does it take for the symptoms to develop?

A. What you have read was right. I too came across that information somewhere. Post-traumatic fibromyalgia symptoms usually do not occur immediately after an injury. In addition, it usually takes several weeks or months before symptoms appear, and as traumatic muscle injuries can take up to four months to heal, fibromyalgia cannot be diagnosed until several months after injury.

More discussions about injury
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References in periodicals archive ?
In summary, MIOX is a promising, kidney-specific protein that may represent a coveted marker of AKI. It remains to be seen whether this intriguing enzyme can fulfill rigorous criteria for translation into clinical practice and whether further studies examining its biology will yield novel insights into potential therapeutic targets.
There is little doubt that urinary biomarkers may enable physicians to accurately detect tubular damage when it happens, but statistical analysis of these biomarkers reveals that none of them has a clear advantage beyond the traditional approach in clinical decision making in patients with AKI. In a meta-analysis of 87 papers from 74 relevant studies, the diagnostic performance of the different biomarkers ranged from poor to excellent, with no consistent conclusion drawn as to their diagnostic value.
Although not significant in the adjusted-multivariate analysis, the unadjusted-bivariate model showed that history of CKD, length of diuretic therapy, increased baseline creatinine and BUN level, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and concurrent use of spironolactone were associated with AKI.
Survivors had comparable clinical and laboratory findings to non-survivors, except for higher prevalence of hyponatremia at admission, lower serum sodium, and higher incidence of AKI.
Education strategies must be implemented in the pRIFLE Scale, prevention of AKI, prevention of sepsis and hypovolemia, early management of AKI, and timely referral or inter-consultation of patients at risk of AKI.
Prediction and prevention strategies, such as the HART AKI test, are needed to reverse this alarming rise in AKI.
AKI is a predictor for hypertension within two years following the insult resulting in AKI.
The primary cohort included 666 children with a median age of 6.5 months; 51.2 percent had AKI. The researchers found that those with AKI had lower median acetaminophen doses than those without AKI, in unadjusted analyses (47 versus 78 mg/kg).
There were overall 15 (34.09%) expiries among tetanus patients out of which 9 (60%) had AKI. (Table-II)
Infections of gastrointestinal tract with protozoa such as cryptosporidia, microspora, isospora belli, bacteria such as salmonella, shigella, campylobacter can lead to diarrhoea and pre-renal AKI. Less common causes of AKI are direct infectious insults from HIV virus, immune restoration inflammatory syndrome(IRIS), rhabdomyolysis and obstruction, severe pancreatitis caused by various OIs (cytomegalovirus, cryptosporidiosis, mycobacterial) or drugs nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors such as didanosine and stavudine and antitubercular drugs such as isoniazid.
"I was with him at the weekend, he called over and we hung out," said Aki. "We played a bit of PlayStation and I whipped him in FIFA, nothing different in that!" But the serious stuff started again on Monday with Aki expected to be joined on Saturday by Munster's Chris Farrell in midfield - a duo that was successfully road tested against Argentina.