They are judged to be clever, perhaps even ingenious, but not intelligent, and the chill winds of the next AI winter
Initiated prior to the onset of the AI winter
, the elegant study identified usability issues and the magnitude of the challenge.
But in late 1989, there was a predicted "AI winter
," fueled by increasing public realization that the "expert" in "expert systems" was an aspiration rather than a guarantee.
Great early success allowed AAAI to weather the "AI winter
" to enjoy the current "thaw." Other challenges to AAAI have resulted from its success in spinning out international conferences, thereby effectively removing several key AI areas from the AAAI National Conference.
While a drop in DARPA funding many years ago was at least partly responsible for somewhat of an "AI winter
," over my term there we were strongly supported by the agency director and Congress in pursuing an aggressive--and well-funded--AI-oriented agenda.
("Marty") Tenenbaum (4) who will speak on "The Future of AI and the Web"; PalmPilot architect and executive director of the Redwood Neuroscience Institute Jeff Hawkins (5) whose talk is titled "AI Winter
into Spring: Can a New Theory of Neocortex Lead to Truly Intelligent Machines?"; and Martin Keane, coauthor of Genetic Programming III with John Koza, who will speak about "Real-world Applications of Genetic Programming."
In the first few years, the point was to show that AI was a viable technology, to counteract the feeling that there was an impending AI winter
(which I personally think never happened).
This year, there was a repeated echo of the "old" and the "new," what many described as the AI winter
and forthcoming AI spring.
Multiple AI winters
have come and gone, and we've emerged now into a new awakening.
Sixty years later, after several hype cycles inevitably followed by 'AI winters
', the general consensus is that scientists are finally creating systems sophisticated enough to fall within the meaning of AI.
* AI development has had some "winters." Because AI development has been slower than anticipated, it has fallen out of investment favor several times in the past 50 years, causing AI development slowdowns referred to as "AI winters
In fact, an outside-view perspective would emphasize that there have been several "AI winters
" since the 1960s--periods of deep pessimism that followed initial excitement in the field of AI.