It is of interest to note that the most recent US (9) and Canadian Food Guides, (10) based on the new US-Canadian Dietary Reference Intakes, (11) have a substantially higher intake recommendation for the group as a whole than the basic AGHE
pattern (about 170 g/day meats for an average man in the USA and 225 g/day in Canada).
For example, four serves of fruit were specified by the AGHE, so the four sub-major fruit groups consumed by greatest proportion of adults aged 19 years or more in NSW were included (pome, tropical, citrus and other fruit).
However the AGHE does allow for 'extra' foods and recognises that these may contain high levels of fat, salt or sugar (34).
The final 57 foods and the quantities defined for the IHFB are given in Table 3, organised by the food groups used in the AGHE.
The foods in the IHFB enable all the recommended serves from the core food groups of the AGHE for the reference family to be provided over a one-week period, with a food variety score of 37 out of possible maximum of 53.
Approximately one third of students ate a breakfast that included items from at least three AGHE food groups (9) and 4% of children reported no foods from any AGHE food groups.
This study also found that parental preparation of breakfast was not associated with the number of AGHE Groups (9) represented in reported breakfasts or the incidence of EDMP choices.
a banana or a glass one AGHE (a) food group of orange juice e.
The AGHE recommends fruits, vegetables, bread and cereals account for over three-quarters of daily food intake (30).
While previous Australian studies have used compliance with the dietary guidelines to code the food advertisements in their samples, the AGHE has not yet been used as a measuring tool (7,32).
2) Non-core foods--these were divided into two groups: fast food restaurants, and extra foods (which included soft drinks, chocolates, biscuits, confectionery and more); in accordance with the AGHE.
Of the 544 food advertisements, 21% were for foods from the core food groups of the AGHE (30) (see Table 2).