ADPKD


Also found in: Acronyms.

ADPKD

 
autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

A common (1:400–1:1000) autosomal dominant condition (OMIM:173910), which causes 6–9% of end-stage renal disease in developed countries. ADPKD first appears in adults with upper quadrant tenderness; extrarenal disease is due to defective extracellular matrix, with hepatic cysts, diverticulosis, berry and abdominal aneurysms, annuloaortic ectasia and valvular regurgitation.

Clinical findings
Acute or subacute onset of azotaemia and hypertension, due to increased activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone (RAA) system, possibly related to the ischaemic pressure induced by the expanding cysts.

Lab
Anaemia, increased ESR, increased WBCs.
 
Diagnosis
Ultrasonography.

ADPKD

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, see there.
References in periodicals archive ?
La ADPKD es la enfermedad renal hereditaria mas frecuente y la causa de ERC terminal hasta en el 10% de los pacientes sometidos a dialisis [2-4].
"ADPKD is the most common inherited and the fourth most common overall cause of kidney failure worldwide," said lead author Vicente Torres, M.D., Ph.D., Mayo Clinic nephrologist.
Early research reveals that certain signals within cells may contribute to cyst growth in ADPKD patients.
Family history also plays a role in the incidence of intracranial aneurysms and SAH in patients with ADPKD. Between 18% and 22% of ADPKD patients with intracranial aneurysm have a family history positive for aneurysm.[4]
Among them, ADPKD, which is a hereditary and intractable disease, calls for earlier diagnosis, prevention of deterioration of the disease, and broader awareness of it among society and the health professions.
Her two children were also evaluated for ADPKD, and they both did not have any evidence of disease at present, and hence they are kept under followup.
This variable anatomy presents an added challenge to that of operating on large ADPKD kidneys.
The most common form of this condition is called autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), a condition passed on to children from one parent affected with the disease that is found in 600,000 people in the United States alone.
Current knowledge on cyst initiation and development mainly comes from investigations on autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), in which cystic pathology is believed to be the result of abnormal cell proliferation and deregulated apoptosis, increased secretion of fluids into the tubular lumen, irregular cell-matrix interactions, and defective cellular polarity.
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) affects approximately 500,000 people in the United States and is the most frequent genetic cause of renal failure in adults, accounting for 10% of patients on dialysis in the U.S.
The autosomal dominant polycystic kydney disease (ADPKD) is the most common inherited form of an autosomal dominant disease.